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Weiss, Rosalind / How to make hats; a method of self-instruction using job sheets--fully illustrated
(1931)

First aid to a good milliner,   pp. xi ff. PDF (912.3 KB)


Page xi

 
        FIRST AID 
ro A GOOD MILLINER 
i. Use Your Nippers to Cut Wire. 
      Never use scissors. Cutting wire with 
      scissors ruins them. 
 2. Use Your Scissors to Cut Threads. 
      Do not bite threads. It injures your 
      teeth. 
 3. Use Short Threads. 
      From shoulder to shoulder is the cor- 
      rect length. Long threads get tangled 
      and take more time to pull through. 
 4. Use Thread to Match the Hat or the 
      Material on Which You Are Working. 
      If you do not, your stitches are much 
      more apt to show. 
 5. Use Your Thimble. 
      It saves time and prevents sore 
      fingers. 
 6. Use Your Tape Measure. 
      Guessing does not lead to accuracy. 
 7. Use a Fine Needle for Fine Materials. 
      Coarse needles make large holes that 
      cannot be hidden. 
 8. Use a Coarse Needle for Stiff or Heavy 
      Materials. 
      Fine needles will not go through 
      easily and may break. 
 9. Use Fine Pins, Particularly for Silks. 
      Holes in silks from pins are difficult to 
      hide. 
1o. Use Pins in Hats, Not in Your Mouth. 
      You might swallow them. 
ix. Use Irons Carefully. 
      Burning yourself is painful. 
      materials ruins them. 
Burning 
12. Use an Iron Stand. 
      Burning the ironing board shows a 
      lack of efficiency. 
13. Use Steam with Great Care. 
      Steam burs are serious. 
14. Use a Pencil to Mark Frames. 
      Pencil marks on frames will not show 
      in the finished hat. 
15. Use Tailor's Chalk to Mark All Parts 
      of a Hat That Will Show When 
      Finished. 
      Chalk will rub off. 
x6. Use the Usual Milliner's Tools: 
      They will help you to do your work 
      neatly, accurately, and quickly. 
      a. Scissors. 
      b. Thimble. 
      c. Nippers. 
      d. Needles. 
      e. Pins. 
      f. Tape measure. 
      g.Pencil. 
      h Tailor's chalk. 
17. Use This Equipment: 
      Without this equipment, you cannot 
      work efficiently. 
      a. A stove. 
      b. A steam tank or water kettle. 
      c. An ironing board. 
      d. An iron. 
      e. An iron stand. 
      I. Iron holders. 
      SPressing cloths. 
         Crown blocks. 
      i. Brim blocks. 
      A fireproof container for gasoline. 
         Cans for sizing, glue, alcohol, 
         shellac. 
      1. Brushes for sizing, glue and shellac. 
      m. A sewing machine. 
      n. Hat stands. 
      o. A soft brush. 
      p. A whisk broom. 
      q. Millinery fashion magazines and 
        trade papers. 
18. Use Care in Handling All Hats. 
      Hats get out of shape easily, if you 
      handle them roughly. 
xg. Use All the Instructions and Information 
      in Each Section of Every Job Sheet. 
      If you desire to do the work success- 
      fully, reading the main headings is not 
      suffcient. All the instructions given 
      in the text are necessary; always read 
      them before beginning your work. 
      Read all references to other jobs. 
      When in doubt; reread the directions. 
      If still in doubt, ask your teacher how 
      to proceed. 
2o. Use Your Job Sheet and Keep It Clean. 
      Cleanliness is important in millinery. 


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