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Surrender of Italy, Germany and Japan, World War II
(1946)

Part III. Surrender of Japan,   pp. [69]-111 ff.


Page 95

written heroic new chapters in this Nation's military
history. I have infinite respect for their courage,
resourcefulness, and devotion to duty. We also
acknowledge the great contribution to this victory
made by our valiant Allies. United we fought and
united we prevail.
The port of Tokyo, which was first opened by
Commodore Perry in 1853, is now crowded with
United States men-of-war. The process of bringing
Japan into the family of civilized nations, which was
interrupted when Japan launched her program of
conquest, will soon begin again.
Today all freedom-loving peoples of the world
rejoice in the victory and feel pride in the accom-
plishments of our combined forces. We also pay
tribute to those who defended our freedom at the cost
of their lives.
On Guam is a military cemetery in a green valley
not far from my headquarters. The ordered rows of
white crosses stand as reminders of the heavy cost
we have paid for victory. On these crosses are the
names of American soldiers, sailors and marines-
Culpepper, Tomaino, Sweeney, Bromberg, Depew,
Melloy, Ponziani-names that are a cross-section of
democracy. They fought together side by side.
To them we have a solemn obligation-the obligation
to insure that their sacrifice will help to make this a
better and safer world in which to live.
To achieve this it will be necessary for the United
Nations to enforce rigidly the peace terms that will
be imposed upon Japan. It will also be necessary
to maintain our national strength at a level which
will discourage future acts of aggression aimed at the
destruction of our way of life.
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