Surrender of Italy, Germany and Japan, World War II
Part III. Surrender of Japan, pp. -111 ff.
(8) The terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out and Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine. (9) The Japanese military forces, after being com- pletely disarmed, shall be permitted to return to their homes with the opportunity to lead peaceful and productive lives. (10) We do not intend that the Japanese shall be enslaved as a race or destroyed as a nation, but stern justice shall be meted out to all war criminals, includ- ing those who have visited cruelties upon our prison- ers. The Japanese Government shall remove all obstacles to the revival and strengthening of demo- cratic tendencies among the Japanese people. Free- dom of speech, of religion, and of thought, as well as respect for the fundamental human rights shall be established. (11) Japan shall be permitted to maintain such industries as will sustain her economy and permit the exaction of just reparations in kind, but not those which would enable her to re-arm for war. To this end, access to, as distinguished from control of, raw materials shall be permitted. Eventual Japanese participation in world trade relations shall be per- mitted. (12) The occupying forces of the Allies shall be withdrawn from Japan as soon as these objectives have been accomplished and there has been estab- lished in accordance with the freely expressed will of the Japanese people a peacefully inclined and respon- sible government. (13) We call upon the government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all 73
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