Letter from the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting, in compliance with resolution of January 27, report of Lieutenant Taunt of a journey on the river Congo
Letter from the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting, in compliance with resolution of January 27, report of Lieutenant Taunt of a journey on the river Congo, pp. -42 ff.
JOURNEY ON THE RIVER CONGO. at each station, to protect caravans and insure order. Each division has a chief or political agent, and the stations have chiefs, with, usually, one or more assistants, consisting of a second in command, a commercial agent in charge of stores, and in some cases other white men for general duty. At the headquarters of each division there are usually white carpenters and blacksmiths, and on the navigable portions of the river one or more engineers for the steamers. The officials are all under the Administlator-General, who in turn receives his instructions from the committee at Brussels. The first division of the territoi'y extends from Banana, on the north bank, to Manyanga. In this division there are now but three stations, viz, Banana, Vivi, and Isanghila. Vivi is the headquarters of the State and of the first division. In the absence of the Administrator-General the chief of the first division acts for him. The second division includes the territory on the south bank, from Noki (90 miles from the sea) to the Inkissi River. In the second divis- ion are the stations of Matade, Lukungo, and Manyanga South. The headquarters are at Lukungo. The third division is from the hnkissi River to the head of Stanley Pool. The stations are Leopoldville and Kinchassa; headquarters are at Leopoldville. "lThe fourth division includes all the territory from the head of Stanley Pool to Stanley Falls, and includes the stations at Kwamouth, Bolobo, Equatorville, Bangala, and Stanley Falls. There is no particular headquarters for the fourth division, the reserve stores being stowed at Leopoldville. On account of the dangerous approaches to Vivi it is proposed to move that station farther down the river, and for the same reason Leo- poldville is to be moved above Kinchassa, on Stanley Pool. * Since May, 1885, the stations at M'Poso, M'Bauza Mateke Voonda, Manyanga North. Lutedtd, Kimpoko, Lukelela, and N'Gombe have been 4bandoned, chiefly from want of material for garrison duty. ' As will be seen by the regulations that I inclose with this report, others than the officials I have mentioned are supposed to be in the employ of the State. I met no others except in the case of medical Officers, of whom there are but two, one stationed at Vivi, and one attached to the staff of the Administrator-General. AGENTS OF THE STATE. The agents are of different nationalities-English, Belgians, Germans, 8lwedes, Italians, and Dutch. Of these the English, Belgians, and Bwedes predominate. The present chief of Isanghila Station, I under- .Stand, claims to be an American citizen. The agents are obliged to sign a binding contract for three years' service. The salaries range from $250 to $2,500 per annum. They pledge them- selves not to correspond with the press, nor to divulge to any one mat- ters Concerning the State. All ivory or curios collected must be turned Over to the authorities. They pledge themselves not to leave the State, Alor to enter into other employ until after the expiration of their contract, 'the Penalty being forfeiture of double salary. The State reserves the right to discharge the agent at the expira- tlofl of one year, in case the Administrator-General reports him incom- etent. The medical officers have authority to send any agent home on 1. edical certificate whenever it may be considered necessary.
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