University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Letter from the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting, in compliance with resolution of January 27, report of Lieutenant Taunt of a journey on the river Congo
(1887)

Letter from the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting, in compliance with resolution of January 27, report of Lieutenant Taunt of a journey on the river Congo,   pp. [1]-42 ff.


Page 11

JOURNEY ON THE RIVER CONGO.
at each station, to protect caravans and insure order. Each division
has a chief or political agent, and the stations have chiefs, with, usually,
one or more assistants, consisting of a second in command, a commercial
agent in charge of stores, and in some cases other white men for general
duty. At the headquarters of each division there are usually white
carpenters and blacksmiths, and on the navigable portions of the river
one or more engineers for the steamers. The officials are all under the
Administlator-General, who in turn receives his instructions from the
committee at Brussels.
The first division of the territoi'y extends from Banana, on the north
bank, to Manyanga. In this division there are now but three stations,
viz, Banana, Vivi, and Isanghila. Vivi is the headquarters of the State
and of the first division. In the absence of the Administrator-General
the chief of the first division acts for him.
The second division includes the territory on the south bank, from
Noki (90 miles from the sea) to the Inkissi River. In the second divis-
ion are the stations of Matade, Lukungo, and Manyanga South. The
headquarters are at Lukungo.
The third division is from the hnkissi River to the head of Stanley
Pool. The stations are Leopoldville and Kinchassa; headquarters are
at Leopoldville.
"lThe fourth division includes all the territory from the head of Stanley
Pool to Stanley Falls, and includes the stations at Kwamouth, Bolobo,
Equatorville, Bangala, and Stanley Falls. There is no particular
headquarters for the fourth division, the reserve stores being stowed at
Leopoldville.
On account of the dangerous approaches to Vivi it is proposed to
move that station farther down the river, and for the same reason Leo-
poldville is to be moved above Kinchassa, on Stanley Pool.
* Since May, 1885, the stations at M'Poso, M'Bauza Mateke Voonda,
Manyanga North. Lutedtd, Kimpoko, Lukelela, and N'Gombe have been
4bandoned, chiefly from want of material for garrison duty.
' As will be seen by the regulations that I inclose with this report,
others than the officials I have mentioned are supposed to be in the
employ of the State. I met no others except in the case of medical
Officers, of whom there are but two, one stationed at Vivi, and one
attached to the staff of the Administrator-General.
AGENTS OF THE STATE.
The agents are of different nationalities-English, Belgians, Germans,
8lwedes, Italians, and Dutch. Of these the English, Belgians, and
Bwedes predominate. The present chief of Isanghila Station, I under-
.Stand, claims to be an American citizen.
The agents are obliged to sign a binding contract for three years' service.
The salaries range from $250 to $2,500 per annum. They pledge them-
selves not to correspond with the press, nor to divulge to any one mat-
ters Concerning the State. All ivory or curios collected must be turned
Over to the authorities. They pledge themselves not to leave the State,
Alor to enter into other employ until after the expiration of their contract,
'the Penalty being forfeiture of double salary.
The State reserves the right to discharge the agent at the expira-
tlofl of one year, in case the Administrator-General reports him incom-
etent. The medical officers have authority to send any agent home on
1. edical certificate whenever it may be considered necessary.


Go up to Top of Page