Buttenwieser, Benjamin J.
Progress in Germany, pp. 19-22 PDF (2.4 MB)
European defense force is that it transforms the age old national armies, each self-integrated and capable of wag- ing independent warfare, fraught with all the inherent dangers of such a situation, into an international force with national contingents, truly integrated and not separable into independent, national forces. Because of Germany's record of aggression, it is not unreasonable that, as a token of her peaceful intentions and as a gesture of reconciliation, she should agree to submit her production of obviously lethal and offensive weapons to the control of an organization of nations, including her former enemies and victims. It may be expected that Germany will soon, if not immediately, attain full membership in this community so that she will share in the determination of these very controls. Nor is it too much to expect that in the foreseeable future, this concept of controls, in the negative sense, will give way to a rationalized assignment of production by the community. Even during this near term, pro- bationary period, the existence of these production con- trols would not affect Germany's equality and status in the contemplated defense force where it has already been determined that her contingents will be armed and directed on the same basis as all other contingents. In the ultimate analysis, it is arms, not their production, which constitute the true test of equality. The strength which such a European defense force could muster, in the political as well as in the military realms, when added to the enormous productive and military might, both actual and potential, entailed in its companion organization, the North Atlantic Community, should be capable of playing the role for which both are designed--the defense of the peace and freedom of the Western world. This structure provides for a common defense by all against an attack on any one; but it also contains safeguardsagainstindependent,aggressive action by any one of its members. In this "house there are many mansions" -ample for all nations with like ideals. T HE GERMANY OF TODAY, which I fervently hope and believe is well on her way to becoming a re- formed Germany, is opting to cast her lot with her former enemies in this new spirit of trying, on the one hand, to expiate and, on the other, to forgive the past and look to the future. Only in that spirit can there be created a world fervently dedicated to and actually practicing peace and freedom and democracy. These new, dynamic apparatuses, like the European Defense Community, the Schuman Plan, the Council of Europe or the still some- what nebulous, though no less significant, European Union are all ventures in international, supranational understanding, cooperation and idealism. They are born of faith and can but be nurtured through trust. Their development involves the solving of many, complex prob- lems. This takes time. It requires patience and a con- siderable degree of submerging shortsighted, near term, national benefits, which, in their narrower scope, benefit the few, as against elevating the longer range, inter- national advantages which, with far broader horizons, will improve the many. There will, I fear, be occasional setbacks in this gradu- ally progressing complex of international agencies. It is. almost too much to expect otherwise. But I think the trend is definitely forward; and, in the light of the past, it is gratifyingly encouraging. As to Germany, the true test of what we and our two allies have sought to effect through our occupation will come when these tempests of a set- back blow against the tender roots of the new Republic. These storms may develop from without or within. All we strove to do, all we could have hoped to ac- complish, is to help the right-minded and well-intended Germans in planting the seeds of democracy and freedom, and peace firmly and in tilling and enriching the soil in which they sowed. When in the near future the oc'u- pation yields its place to the new contractual relationship and then ultimately to complete German sovereignty, under a peace treaty, the German people will have to nurture their crops alone. Their ultimate harvest will be: truly predicated on the hallowed doctrine: "As ye sow, so shall ye reap." Our efforts will not cease on the signing of either the contractual conventions or the peace treaty. All nations of good will and honorable intentions are sincerely and earnestly dedicated to the task of helping, Germany emancipate herself from her past and join the family of decent, democratic, peaceful, freedom loving nations. As, it was said of an individual so is it equally applicable to the larger groups of individuals who constitute nations: "We rise by raising others, and he, who stoops above the fallen, stands erect." Thus can the nations rise and en- hance their stature in their own consciences and in the eyes of history by helping the Germany of today to rise above her past and embark on an enlightened future. +END Utting Families Thank US The community council and mayor of the little village of Utting on the Ammersee and 12 families there have personally thanked the US Gove!rnment for Marshall Plan help. Early last year the community was promised DM 30,000 ($7,140) out of ECA funds for construction of three houses, each with living quarters for four families. A Bavarian state credit of DM 4,000 ($952) for each unit was added along with contributions or credits from the county and the labor office. Construction started in May and the apart- ments were completed in November. The 12 families wrote to Resident Officer David K. Peet at Landsberg: "We are feeling very happy in these new apartments, which are very fine. Now we can live as human beings again, as we had extremely bad and narrow quarters after the escape from our home countries (Sudetenland and Silesia)." The community council and the mayor wrote: "The community of Utting, after building these fine houses for expellees with your help, now consider it their duty hereby to send you their best thanks." INFORMATION BULLETIN JANUARY 1 952 22
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