Buttenwieser, Benjamin J.
Progress in Germany, pp. 19-22 PDF (2.4 MB)
liberalization of industrial and economic processes, better working conditions, enlightened renovation of the so- cailled apprentice system, revamping of the tax structure to change it from a regressive to a progressive system, gentine civil service reform, emancipation from archaic andl restrictive educational procedures at the lower levels and dangerous reactionary systems at the higher, uni- versity levels -the exercise of these and various other true attributes of democracy in its broader scope, together with greater willingness to redress wrongs of many types, would go far toward assuring the outside world and all loo many "die-hards" or cynics in Germany itself that she is conscientiously dedicated to true democracy. There are blandishments from the East whtch seek to le(ol the Federal Republic away from integration with the West, with all the advantages such integration con- notes for the new Republic's future. This lure of reuni- litcition with the East zone is understandably great. No coLn1hy or people will rest contentedly in a status of aililicial separation, imposed by fiat and maintained by intiansigence. The peaceful reunification of Germany along democratic lines is and continues to represent a fundamental concept of Allied policy; but not at the sacrifice of Germany's integration into the West. This int( gration is a basic necessity for Germany, if her peace anti freedom and the peace and freedom of the world are to be assured. Constituting a unified, neutralized, demilitarized Ger- muoiiy, in the present state of tension and cleavage be- tween the aggressive forces of the Soviet orbit and the peoceful, defensively designed alignment of the West, would indeed be exposing all Germans -those of the Fe deral Republic and of the East zone -to a cruel il- lusion. Just as nature abhors a vacuum in the physical world, so too would this political vacuum in the center of Europe enlarge, rather than reduce, the area of potential, international turbulence. A SOVIET GUARANTY of the territorial integrity of such a unified Germany would be a tragic mirage, as all too many of the satellite states learned to their regret. Li t us venture the hope that the time may not be long distant when world-wide demilitarization may be ac- coinphlished; but until then, the Federal Republic's safety ant constructive development are inexorably bound up in her integration into the West. I his policy was re-enunciated by the Allies and con- cuetled in by the Federal Republic in crystal clear lanquage at the recent historic meeting of the three fo 9ign ministers with the German chancellor-foreign minister when they declared: "The four foreign ministers consider the contractual arrangements to be concluded beiween their governments, as well as the treaties for the creation of an integrated European Community, as essential steps to the achievement of their common aim: a iin fied Germany integrated within the Western Euro- pe in Community." N4ay I avail of' the timely opportunity this renowned forum affords to reaffirm equally lucidly our exact and C1wavering policy with regard to the Federal Republic's ,JANUARY 1952 Benjamin J. Buttenwieser. participation in Western defense. Lest there be any im- pression that this policy encourages or would counte- nance the re-creation of an independent German army and an uncontrolled armaments industry, capable of sup- porting such a self-sufficient army, or the resurgence of the type of militarism which wrought such havoc on both Germany and those she fought in two world wars, let me hasten to dispel any such unfounded fears. The decent elements in Germany -and these are fortunately substantial and, I believe, in the ascendancy- do not want any such baleful developments to ensue again, any more than do we or any of Germany's Western neighbors, who still so poignantly remember the results of their blindncss or negligence in permitting the rebuild- ing of Germany's military machine under the Nazis. We welcome German participation in Western defense and we are seeking to establish a new relationship with Germany, but not at the sacrifice of the principles for which we fought or at the compromise of the progress we have made toward immunizing Germany against the virus of Nazism or any similar evil. The best safeguard against such a recurrence lies not in elaborate and often impractical controls which history has demonstrated are seldom availed of until the evil is too far developed to arrest it. M ILITARILY MORE EFFECTIVE, and politically and economically more advantageous, is it to amalgam- ate Germany's productive capacity, manpower and strategic location into a real European Defense Com- munity-a community whose supranational aspects render it at least as important from a political, as from a military, standpoint. The fundamental concept of the INFORMATION BULLETIN 21
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