McCloy, John J.
New Year's message, pp. 17-18 PDF (1.2 MB)
and the eagerness with which they sought information and light showed how deep the urge for freedom and human dignity was rooted in them. The visit of hundreds of thou- sands of these young people t6 West Berlin, and not the staged demonstrations in East Berlin, became the signif- icant news of the world last August. In my opinion there is a direct connection between this dramatic expression of democratic faith and the action taken recently in Paris by a great majority of the United Nations, approving a commission to investigate conditions for holding free elections in all parts of Germany. The action taken in Paris was the response of free nations to the desire of the entire Geirman people for unity in freedom. T HE PEOPLE OF THIS CITY, which has given so many demonstrations of its will to be free, should be partic- ularly encouraged by this evidence of support. For our part we reaffirm our determination to protect this city which has become a new symbol of freedom to the world. We, do not know what new efforts the Soviets may make in the coming year to break the spirit of Berlin or to restrict the well-being of its people. We do know that the forces - moral land physical - which now stand with this city in the defense of its freedom are becoming more and more powerful. The Western Allies are staying in Berlin and the ties between the Federal Republic and this city will not only be maintained but grow ever stronger. Sustained economic aid to Beirlin from the Federal Republic during the coming year now seems assured. The year just passed has continued to accentuate the world-wide pattern of Communist tactics. Today, the Ger- mans are, not the only people to know the agonies of abbreviated prisoner-of-war lists. Today, the United States is also a victim of Communist brigandage and ransom. Evelry day for the past 18 months American families have received the news of a father, son or brother killed, wounded or missing in action. The American people are learning again the hard way. For 30-odd years we refused to accept the hairld facts of our own experience. We demobilized our forces imme- ,diiately after World War I, a conflict in which we finally played a decisive role. We watched Hitler and the Jap- anese warlords prepare their bid for world power and we remained unarmed. Only at the last hour did we mar- shal our enormous potential of manpower and material. And again, after Hitler's defeat, we demobilized. Our armies, in response to the demands of the people, disap- peared like water on a hot stone. The United States does not intend to let this happen again. We are determined now to make a more timely effort to stop aggression before it grows into war. For the past year we have been engaged in a vast process of mili- tary and industrial rearmament. Together with the nations of the European and Atlantic Community, we are building a solid, united defense so that neither the Soviet nor any other would-be totalitarian aggressor will dare take a chance of destroying the peace. Our policy contains no elements of aggression and under it none would be condoned. But let it be clear that this time we refuse to be deterred by sham peace propaganda. This sham propaganda has been spread by the same men who, during the period of our de- mobilization, not only maintained and expanded their own armed forces, but also did not hesitate to use them when they felt they could do so without serious challenge. THE GRAND PROCESS of integration that is now going on in the free world is the surest way to defend the peace. The EuropeanArmy under the European Community, the Schuman Plan, the North Atlantic Treaty Organi- zation are by their community character non-aggresive and at the same time are powerful guarantors of peace. This great and strong Community of Free Nations, of which the Federal Republic will be an equal partner, is bound to forward the cause of German unification. The European Army or the Atlantic Community will not bring about unification by force. But events occur as much by moral as by physical force. A Europe united in its own defense against aggression, against any system that is based on slave camps, secret police and thought control, will extend its moral and political influence deep into oppressed areas. This moral force will have a powerful impact upon millions of people now living under Com- munist oppression. It will set in motion an irresistible demand for participation in a life of freedom which, partic- ularly in the case of Germany, will not be stopped by an artificial line drawn through the middle of the country. No tyranny, however militarily powerful, can long with- stand it. Unification of Germany in freedom, freedom for the people of Western Europe are bound to be accelerated as a result of this influence. Already the progress in building the European-Atlantic Community has had its effect on the problem of German unification. A year ago, the Communists rejected out of hand many Western proposals to bring about the reuni- fication of Germany. Now they are making extensive efforts to pose as champions of a united Germany - and the only factor that has caused this retreat is the growing determination and strength in the West. We cannot guarantee freedom in 1952 to the East sector of Berlin, to the Soviet Zone of Germany or to the people of Eastern Europe. But of this we can be certain: if in the coming year the people of the West continue to move in the direction they are going, the cause of freedom for all the peoples of Europe will be greatly advanced. I wish you all a Happy New Year. * * * Mr. McCloy's Christmas Message The following is the text of a Christmas message from US High Commissioner John J. McCloy: For the past six years, we Americans and our Allies in Germany have been working together with the German people to establish and safeguard here a way of life based on the ideal of peace on earth, good will toward men. A new relationship is now developing in which it is our hope that this ideal will become a lasting reality. To those Americans, civilian and military, who have taken part in this effort, to our French and British colleagues and to the German people, I want to extend my sincerest wishes for a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. +END INFORMATION BULLETIN 18 JANUARY 1 952
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