McCloy, John J.
New Year's message, pp. 17-18 PDF (1.2 MB)
New Year's Message Address By JOHN J. MeCLOY US High Commissioner for Germany T IIS IS THE THIRD YEAR in suc- cession that my family and I have This address M had the privilege of being in Berlin RIAS, the Americ to celebrate the coming of the New station in West Year. I am grateful forthe opportunity Year's Eve. Mr. to speak again over RIAS, this great German. voice of freedom, with the people of Beilin and with the people of Germany-all Germany. Each of these years has marked great improvement and progress in the Federal Republic. Economic rehabilitation in the West has been spectacular. The latest index of production in the Federal Republic has reached the astounding mark of 148 percent of 1936. Keep in mind that this is entirely non-military, for up to the present there has been no production of armaments what- soever in the Federal Republic. It is regrettable that po- liticcl conditions have continued to retard heavily prog- ress in the Soviet Zone and that the people in that zone and in the satellite countries have not been able to enjoy the benefits of such increased production. In contrast to the figure for the Federal Republic just given, the production index in West Berlin is only 51 per- cenL of 1936. That, however, is an increase of 34 percent since 1949, when, owing to Soviet strangulation, it was down to a low of 17. TN THE POLITICAL FIELD likewise the progress of the I Federal Republic has been spectacular. The Federal Government has gone through the period of organizational pains. It now has achieved a place of dignity in world councils, and its opinions are weighed and respected by an cver-growing circle of nations. The Federal Republic is rapidly approaching the status of full partnership with the free nations. In the conven- tions now being negotiated with the Federal Government, the Western Allies are reserving only those rights which the Soviet threat makes necessary. The reserved rights are those: 1. Incidental to the security of the Allied troops in Germany. 2. Necessary to maintain the freedom of this city of West Beronn and its people. 3. Necessary to preserve Allied and German rights at the final peace negotiations. The reservations are clearly in the interest of the Ger- man people themselves. They are also necessary for the preservation of the security of the free world. They emphasize the determination of the Western Powers to stand beside the German people against totalitarian aggression. Paralleling our relationship with ias broadcast over the Federal Republic we intend to an-sponsored radio grant to the authorities of this city, Berlin, on New control over their own affairs, subject McCloy spoke in only to the special limitations neces- sary to preserve our rights to remain in and protect the city. I HAVE JUST REFERRED to the remarkable economic and political progress which the Federal Republic has made in the last year. I will refrain from any comparison with the Soviet Zone of Germany or with life in the satellite countries or in Russia itself. The differences are apparent to us all. Five months ago, during the so-called World Youth Fes- tival here in Berlin, I met and talked with hundreds of young men and women from the Soviet Zone. We met here at RIAS and at my house in Dahlem. Together, we had an unusual chance to discuss openly the questions which were on their minds. Meeting with these young people was one of the most vivid, if indeed it was not the most moving, experience I have had in my years in Germany. These young men and women showed courage in coming to the Western sectors. The seriousness of their questions The Allied High Commissioners discuss matters in- formally prior to their meeting Dec. 20 in the Quartier Napoleon, French headquarters in Berlin. Left to right are Sir Ivone Kirkpatrick, United Kingdom High Com- missioner, Andre Francois-Poncet, French High Com- missioner, and John J. McCloy, US High Commissioner. INFORMATION BULLETIN JANUARY 1952 17
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