Refugee glassmakers, pp. -28 PDF (1.2 MB)
Woiulflan employee of Schott Glass Works, formerly in Jena but Low in Zwiesel, Bavaria, examines newly-made lenses. Refugee GL E R HISTORIANS, Jena may be the place where 1Napoleon won a battle. For camera fans, it was al- wains the place where the lenses came from - the Zeiss dtli the Leica; Presumably lenses are still made there, but not for Western optics. Whether the new ones are a-s good as the old, perhaps only the Soviet Army knows. It seems fairly doubtful, because it takes sand and skill to io;ike fine glass, and only the sand is left in Jena. The qlap .,smakers of Jena became one of the first postwar ime!i '(ee industries: Zeiss set up shop in Heidenheim, I% t ci tiemberg-Baden, and Schott in Zwiesel, Bavaria,both irI aii US Zone. Parts of the organizations moved out as tlhe> Ped Army moved in; others followed later, evading lmi (l-wire barriers and sharpshooting Soviet Zone bor- (lam patrols. Ti.( y took what they could - what they could carry in Plair pockets and on their backs. Directors brought imp,i lant papers, the workers small tools and large knox- how. Of the 780 workers employed in the new Schott factory in Zwiesel, 75 percent are Jena veterans. Marshall Plan aid of Deutsche marks 800,000 ($190,400) helped Schott retool and provide jobs for the glassmakers who chose freedom. To Americans, the wages of freedom would seem low - average hourly wage of approximately 40 cents for top-skilled workers. The glassmakers, 90 percent union- organized, agree with Marshall Plan statisticians who calculate that, with luck, a worker with family can just live on the wages for a 48-hour week. Schott directors, harassed by the high cost of reviving - of rebuilding a shattered distribution setup as well as replacing lost machines- appreciate the workers' patience. They promise the better life when productivity increases, but point out that the prices of even the best lenses in the world must remain competitive. Meanwhile, ERP. of- ficials who hold the key to the counterpart-fund cash box are keeping West Germany's refugee glass industry under the lens. +END Left, glass blowe 17, wraps lens b storage pending big clay pots for are used only on Robl Hugo, 67, veteran Schott employee, enjoys a typical lunch. Bottle holds wine. Beside bread is sliced sausage.
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