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Information bulletin
(September 1950)

Cox, F. Gardner, Jr.
Communist press in West Germany,   pp. 5-7 PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 5


Communist Press
0
in Western Germany
By F. GARDNER COX, Jr.
Office of Public Affairs, HICOG
PROBABLY THE EASIEST writing job in Western
Germany is for one of the 16 Communist news-
papers. For a newspaperman who could bring himself
to accept the principles of the Communist Party, the
assignment would be easy: "Look for examples where
you can claim people are being oppressed. If they are
suffering injustice, that's even better. Especially try to
find evidence that the 'bosses' or the Western Allies are
the oppressors."
The prospective candidate for such work could forget
most of what he already knew about writing news
stories. He would be expected to introduce violent
editorial opinion into the simplest item. He would not
be called to account for the accuracy of his facts. He
would be permitted to make the broadest allegations, in-
cluding libelous ones, against groups, persons or in-
stitutions. He must know how to overestimate attendance
at a Communist rally by several hundred percent and
minimize the attendance at anti- or non-Communist
gatherings. He must see support for Communist aims
where no support exists. And he should end the major-
ity of his stories with two or three of the dozen slogans
which are currently emphasized in Soviet propaganda.
He must know how to threaten Soviet conquest while
pleading for peace, and characterize aggression as "self-
defense." He must profess that Western economies are
catapulting to ruin while Soviet and satellite economies
march upward and onward; that Marshall Plan aid means
exploitation; that Military Assistance constitutes dump-
ing; that the North Atlantic Pact is aggressive; and that
the Cominform is a benevolent association.
Atomic bomb testing beyond the Urals constitutes "the
moving of mountains for a gigantic and peaceful ir-
rigation project," and the "progressive" brothers of
yesterday become the "Tito-Fascists" of tomorrow's
edition. The Communist journalist writes on. The assign-
ment is easy, and the writer has time to concentrate on
developing his style.
T HE16 NEWSPAPERS which require such talents
comprise a tightly knit chain extending from one
end of the German Federal Republic to
the other. The network is headed by
the Freies Volk, of Duesseldorf. It is  by Mr. Cox
the central organ of the Kommunisti-  Bulletin, was
sche Partei Deutschlands (Communist  Public Relation
Party of Germany, or KPD), and party  Public Affairs,
f unctionaries throughout west Germany  for immediate
are expected to read it in addition  material beca
to the KPD newspaper of their locality.
The newspapers are:
British Zone
Freies Volk (Free People), Duesseldorf.
Die Wahrheit (The Truth), Hanover.
Hamburger Volkszeitung (Hamburg People's Pape!r), Ham-
burg.
Volksstimme (People's Voice), Cologne.
Neue Volkszeitung (New People's Paper), Dortmund.
Volksecho (People's Echo), Detmold.
Norddeutsches Echo (North-German Echo), Kiel.
French Zone
Unser Tag (Our Day), (printed in Mannheim), Offenburg.
Neues Leben (New Life), (printed in Mannheim), Ludwigs-
hafen.
Unsere Stimme (Our Voice), Sc'hwenningen.
US Zone
Suedbayerische Volkszeitung (South Bavarian People's
Paper), Munich.
Nordbayerische Volkszeitung (North Bavarian Pleople's
Papetr), Nuremberg-Fuerth.
Sozialistische Volkszeitung (Socialist People's paper),
Frankfurt.
Badisches Volksecho (People's Echo of Baden), Manryheim.
Volksstimme (People's Voice), Stuttgart.
Tribuene der Demokratie (Tribune of Democracy), B yemen-
Bremerhaven.
These 16 papers follow a unified policy dictated by
the directives of the KPD. Their editors are the Ieading
party functionaries of the locality, many of whom hold
important positions without salary as one of their regular
party duties. Their readers are party members, actual
and prospective, and the curious (who buy occasional
copies at newsstands).
It is impossible for any of these readers to distinguish
between the newspapers and the Communist Party, for
each paper is considered an arm of the party by the
KPD itself. The KPD owns, staffs and produces all of its
newspapers, and owns all but a few
, orig
for tl
refl
as Div
F HIC
i use
Euse
ginally written
he Information
eased by the
iision, Office of
OG, on Aug. 16
as background
of its timely
of the presses which print them.
THE IMPORTANCE which the KPD
attaches to its newspapers stems
not only from their usefulness in keep-
ing the rank and file abreast of the
latest ramifications of the party line.
Prior to currency reform in June 1948
SEPTEMBER 1950
INFORMATION BULLETIN
5


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