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Information bulletin
No. 131 (March 23, 1948)

Cities of the US zone (first of two parts),   pp. 16-20 PDF (3.2 MB)


Page 18


German Confederacy and to this day
share a common dislike for domineer-
ing Prussians, who were often used
to suppress liberal movements in the
south.
Partly because of these liberal
traditions, the Nazis failed to gain
much influence in the region before
they came to power in 1933. In the
1930 Reichstag elections in Wuerttem-
berg they polled 9,4 percent of the
vote-the lowest percentage they re-
ceived in the entire Reich. Perhaps
because of this poor showing, perhaps
because of its close tieswith Germans
abroad, the Nazis made Stuttgart the
headquarters city of the overseas Nazi
bund movements. Stuttgart's relation-
ships with other countries were such
that it was known as "The City of
Emigrant Germans."
While its reputation as a market
center dates back to the 13th century,
the real growth of Stuttgart began
less than 100 years ago. The pictur-
esque Neckar River winds through the
valley in which the city lies, and has
played an important part in the city's
industrial development. Most of the
numerous chemical, automobile, ma-
chine, paper and other factories are
clustered on the banks of the river.
One of Stuttgart's big businesses
before the war was publishing. It was
second only to Leipzig as Germany's
largest publishing center. John Fre-
derick Cotta, famed for his publica-
tion of the classics, helped to bring
a golden age of literature to Germany,
and added Stuttgart to the list of her
cultural centers.
Before the war Stuttgart boasted
many valuable art collections. The
royal library had among its 400,000
volumes one of the largest collections
of bibles in the world. The city's
music conservatory was one of the
best in Germany. Though the city had
some buildings of historic and cultural
interest, most of the old city had dis-
appeared before 1900; and so Stutt-
gart did not suffer the loss of so many
artistic treasures as many other lesser
German cities.
Few major buildings, in fact, date
beyond the 19th century. The Schocken
Department Store, now largely in
ruins, was a showpiece of the extreme
modernistic architecture for which
Stuttgart was noted. The 265-foot
Turmhaus, home of the Stuttgarter
One view in Berlin of the destruction caused by war. (Information Bulletin)
Zeitung, built in 1927, survived the
bombings and now has the distinction
of being the tallest building in the
US Zone.
One of the reason for Stuttgart's
popularity with foreigners was the
health resort at nearby Bad Cannstatt.
This town, dating back to Roman days,
was a much more important city in
the Middle Ages than Stuttgart; it
was, however, incorporated with Stutt-
gart in 1903. A formal park runs from
the 18th century palace in the heart
of Stuttgart (now a ruined shell)
almost all the way to Bad Cannstatt.
Another neighbor, Ludwigsburg, is
nine miles distant but has close ties
with Stuttgart. Once noted for its fine
porcelain and as a temporary home
of the poet, Frederick Schiller, the
town was laid down in the 18th cen-
tury by order of King Ludwig of
Wuerttemberg. The descendants and
heirs of Wilhelm, last king of Wuert-
temberg, still live in Ludwigsburg.
Wilhelm was deposed in the post-
war revolutionary movements of 1918
to 1919. While riot and rebellion were
sweeping other parts of Germany,
Wuerttemberg's revolution was peace-
ful and well-mannered. A delegation
of workers visited the king in his
castle in Stuttgart and demanded that
he abdicate; they wrote him a letter
of thanks when he did so.
Said King Wilhelm of Wuerttem-
berg: "As I have declared before, my
person shall never be a hindrance to
the free development of conditions in
this land and its welfare. Led by this
thought I am laying down my crown
today: God keep and protect our
beloved Wuerttemberg in the future."
Berlin: Quadripartite City
When Adolf Hitler told the German
people in the early days of his re-
gime that "In four years you will not
recognize Germany," he had little
idea to what extent and in what
manner his prophesy would come true.
In Berlin today the soldier can
plainly see the full impact of total
war upon a major world metropolis.
The capital of Germany was the
country's leading industrial, banking
and railroad center. Its breweries
rivaled those of Munich. With 120
daily newspapers and more than 1,000
periodicals, it vied with Leipzig as a
publishing center. Its Kaiser Friedrich
Museum had one of the finest picture
collections in all Europe, comparing
favorably with the Louvre in Paris
and the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.
Berlin's population was the fourth
largest in the world and with its
340 square miles had the largest area
of any European continental city. Ber-
lin was famous for its hospitals,
charitable institutions and sanitary
systems.
But five years of systematic bomb-
ings have reduced Berlin to a dreary
skeleton city. The finishing touches
were inflicted during the furious
fighting in the battle for Berlin be-
tween the Russians and the defending
German troops. With a savage irony
INFORMATION BULLETIN
MARCH 23, 1948
18


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