University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Information bulletin
No. 131 (March 23, 1948)

Editorial opinion in German press,   pp. 13-15 PDF (1.7 MB)


Page 15


(Continued from Page 4)
Displaced Persons
over the normal consumer ration for
this zone.
Since July 1, PCIRO has reim-
bursed the US government for the
cost of all food supplied DP's above
the level of the indigenously pro-
duced food distributed to the German
population.
In line with an economy move that
went into effect on Oct. 1, 1947, most
of the DP ration is now drawn from
the German economy. Actually, all
of this food is drawn from the Ger-
man pooled resources, which include
both indigenous and imported items,
and that which is in excess of the
indigenous production level is re-
placed in  kind  to the  German
economy by PCIRO. Thus the DP's
receive a quantitative but not a
qualitative advantage over the Ger-
man population.
W    ITH THE limited PCIRO budget,
V      it has become necessary for
assembly centers to become in-
creasingly self-administered. There
are many skills, trades, and pro-
fessions among displaced persons;
and through utilizing the skilled, and
training the potential, the internal
operation of assembly centers has
passed almost completely to the DP's
themselves.
Under the supervision of seven
PCIRO area teams, displaced persons
in the US Zone are utilized in ad-
ministrative, clerical and stenographic
capacities. The doctors and nurses
in the hospitals and the teachers in
the assembly  center schools are
capable, trained persons from the DP
population. Law and order within the
assembly centers is maintained by
DP policemen, who are trained by
Army personnel and supervised by
PCIRO with the assistance of mili-
tary DP officers.
Including those employed in the
camp administration, the majority of
the employable DP's are engaged in
some productive activity. This also
include Military Government services
paid for on the burgermeisterpayroll,
employment by the Army, employ-
ment in the German industry, and
self-employment.
The shortage of works projects
Situated near the large camps, the
NIARCH1 23, 1948
Mealtime at Dueppel Center displaced persons camp in Berlin.
lack of transportation from the more
isolated camps to jobs, the continuing
antagonisms between Germans and
DP's, and the necessity of paying
displaced persons with Reichsmarks,
for which relatively little can be
bought, are limiting factors affecting
the work program for displaced per-
sons.
THE DISPLACED persons situation
will not be solved by providing
indefinitely for their care and main-
tenance. The problem must be solved
by returning them to their homelands
or by finding new homes for them.
Voluntary repatriation, which ac-
counted for the mass movements to
the countries of Western Europe and
to the USSR in the months imme-
diately  following  VE - Day,  has
dwindled to an almost negligible
amount in the past few months.
The vast majority of DP's remaining
object to returning to homelands gov-
erned by a power whose program
is alien to their political or religious
beliefs. Prospects for repatriation in
the future indicate this is not the
solution to the situation.
Emphasis is now being placed on
resettlement; and although the PCIRO
programs now in operation are effec-
tive in a limited degree, more con-
crete plans of a wider scope are
required. Currently, resettlement pro-
15
(OMGUS photo)
grams to Belgium, USA (limited),
France, Canada, Paraguay, Nether-
lands, Venezuela, Brazil -and some 32
countries with lesser programs are in
effect.
Since the displaced persons pro-
gram can be solved only by repa-
triation or resettlement, and exploi-
tation of the former is virtually ex-
hausted, it becomes more apparent
that:
1. An energetic, effective resettle-
ment program on an international
basis should be forthcoming.
2. Resettlement and reestablishment
of refugees and displaced persons
should be contemplated only in cases
indicated clearly in the IRO con-
stitution.
3. Genuine refugees and displaced
persons, until such time as their re-
patriation or resettlement and reestab-
lishment is effectively completed,
should be protected in their rights
and legitimate interests; should re-
ceive care and assistance, as far as
possible; should be put to useful
employment in order to avoid the
evil and anti-social consequences of
continued idleness.
4. The expenses of repatriation to
the extent practicable should be
charged to Germany for persons dis-
placed from countries occupied by it.
INFORMATION BULLFTIN


Go up to Top of Page