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Information bulletin
No. 131 (March 23, 1948)

Editorial opinion in German press,   pp. 13-15 PDF (1.7 MB)

Page 14

regard to the Semler election, in a
fashion typical for the Bavarian press
in this case. The article said:
"Non objective criticism of the oc-
cupation powers is forbidden ...
Nevertheless, every one knows that
criticism in many places is needed.
That is especially so in the field of
economics. However, as any school-
boy can tell, the Allies in their
occupation policy are not primarily
concerned with the well-being of the
German people..."
Muenchner Merkur expressed re-
gret that the CSU should have in-
sisted on the election of Semler to
the Bizonal Council, but blamed
equally the egotism of German party
politicians and "an occupation policy
that naturally is not free from
mistakes." The paper added: "From
the German point of view the de-
cision of the Military Governor
(deposing Semler) was regrettable,
because it naturally strengthened the
feeling in Germany that the young
democracy is only pretense. The
result of this feeling is that radicalism
is increasing among us.
"Nobody can remain blind to the
fact that the policies of the Oc-
cupation Powers show a slow but
continuous change."
Nazi 'Trial' Film
The Hessische Nachrichten (Kassel)
reported on the showing of the Nazi
film depicting the trial of the July20,
1944, conspirators against Hitler, with
a lecture by Press Officer George
S. Martin of Nuremberg. The paper
"Even the most deluded adherents
of the Hitler regime probably felt
knocked cold as they became wit-
nesses of this most shameful self-
revelation of "justice" as practiced
against the men of July 20... A
strong democracy is based on the
feeling for justice of a people,
but  evidently  this  lesson  was
not understood by all those present
at the film showing, because there
were quite a few pointless, not to
say crafty, questions asked in the
Nevertheless, the demand for ad-
missions was strong enough to call
for a repeat performance this month.
Backs Trizone Plan
Offenbach Post voiced a plea to
France for cooperation in establishing
a trizonal setup with the US and
British Zones.
"For the past hundred   years a
Franco-German war has occurred al-
most every generation.... We want
to and must contribute an essential
part to the founding of a better Europe,
in agreement, with our French neigh-
bor.... We believe life itself is
stronger than empty phrases, than
contractual alliances, than French or
German fortifications .... Properly fed
German men and women, assured of
a dignified national existence, are the
best guarantee for a peaceful, de-
mocratic Europe. The annexation of
the French Zone to the other two
West zones is one of the most im-
portant requisites for such a  con-
dition... The founding of the Trizone
would signify that France accepts our
proffered hand."
Registration Halted
Attempts by the Ministry of Culture
in Land Hesse to institute aprocedure
whereby artistic personnel would be
required to register with the Hesse
labor office after proof of political and
artistic qualification, were halted by
Military Government on the ground
that since Military Government itself
had abandoned the registration of per-
sons employed in the theater and
music field no effort should be made
to hamper the democratization of the
theater and its related arts.
Industry Improves
Industry in the US Zone in 1947
operated at 46 percent of the level
of 1936 as compared with 37 percent
in 1946, an increase of almost one-
fourth. There were advances in almost
all industry groups.
Declines were registered in only
three fields: glass, which dropped 11
percent from the 1946 level; chemi-
cals, which declined nine percent;
and machinery, which was two per-
cent lower.
The largest increases were in the
ceramics group which jumped from
33 percent in 1946 to 80 percent of
the 1936 average in 1947. Vehicle
output more than doubled to stand
at about 15 percent of 1936 production.
Electrical equipment registered a gain
of four-fifths to 65 percent. Textiles
rose from 24 to 39 percent.
The basic iron and steel industry
rose more than half from 35 to 54
percent. Rubber gained one-third;
mining was up more than one-fourth.
- Military Governor's Report No. 30.
Dr. James R. Newman (left), Director of the Hesse Uftice ot Military
Government, confers with Catholic Bishop Ferdinand Dierichs of Lim-
burg, at a meeting of field MG and German officials held at Limburg.
14                                             MARCH 23, 1948

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