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Information bulletin
No. 131 (March 23, 1948)

Decentralization of government,   pp. 8-10 PDF (1.7 MB)


Page 10


4. The reestablishment of full MG
controls in any area in the US Zone
where it had become necessary to
safeguard MG objectives.
5. Military Government courts.
6 Direct administration of such
activities  as  demilitarization  and
reparationswhich cannot be assumed
entirely by German civil govern-
mental agencies but which are ne-
cessitated by international agree-
ments, quadripartite action, or US
occupation policy.
In each regional Office of Military
Government an organization has been
created to review state legislation
for MG approval. A Legislation
Review Board has been established
with the function of reviewing legis-
lation proposed by the Council of
States in the US Zone and the Bizonal
Economic Council.
The Board also reviews state legis-
lation  on  which  state  Military
Government has taken adverse action
or to which a serious objection has
been raised. The veto power over
state legislation is exercised only
when MG policy has been clearly
violated.
T HE ORGANIZATION and func-
1tions of the Zone's Council of
States, which had been established
in October, 1945, as the coordinating
body composed of the ministers-
president, required adjustment and
modification both after the establish-
ment of constitutionally elected and
politically responsible state govern-
ments and of the bizonal agencies.
To meet the first situation, the
council has created, with MG ap-
proval, an Advisory Parliamentary
Council consisting of 24 members,
seven each from the legislatures of
the southern German states and three
from the Bremen legislature. This
group meets with the Council of
States and advises them on all draft
laws, decrees, or Control Council
measures on the agenda.
As a result of the creation of the
bizonal agencies, the administrative
staff of the Council of States has
been diminished by the transfer of
responsibilities in the field of posts
and  telecommunications, transpor-
tation, food and agriculture, and
price control. It continues to function,
Dr. Johannes Binkowski (left) receives a license to publish the Schwae-
bische Post at Aalen, Wuerttemberg. Standing in center Is an Interpreter.
Seated are (left to right) Joseph L. Dees, chief of the Press Control
Branch, ICD, in Wuerttemberg - Baden, and Charles M. LaFollette,
MG Director of Wuerttemberg-Baden. The Post is the 50th German
newspaper licensed In the US Zone.                    (DENA-Bild)
however, as the coordinating body
of the four states of the US Zone.
After the original bizonal organi-
zation agreed upon between British
and US Military Governments in
September, 1946, had been in operation
for approximately six months, it was
decided to reorganize the system and
to delegate increased responsibility
to the Germans. This revision took
place by proclamation of the US and
British Military Governments on
May 29, 1947.
The Bipartite Board, consisting of
the Military Governors of the two
zones, was continued and a Bipartite
Control Office was established in
Frankfurt, headed jointly by two
chairmen, one representing British
Military Government and the other
US Military Government. This Bi-
partite Control Office has been
granted broad powers under the
direct command of the Bipartite
Board.
It exercises maximum authority in
making decisions, and it is the only
US-UK agency that deals officially
with the German bizonal organization.
The US-UK chairmen of the Bipartite
Control Office are assisted by the
US-UK   functional  offices,  which
maintain technical liaison with the
chiefs of the functional divisions of
US and British Military Governments.
T HE GERMAN bizonal organization,
1under the agreement of May 29,
1947, consisted of an Economic Coun-
cil, an Executive Committee, and a
number of executive directors who
head the several bizonal functional
departments. The Economic Council
comprised 52 members elected by the
legislatures of the various states in
proportion to the division of party
strength in each state and in the
ratio of one member for each 750,000
of population.
While the Economic Council re-
presented the equivalent of a par-
liament, though its authority was
limited to economic problems, the
Executive Committee, composed of
one representative from each state
appointed by the state government,
was intended to be the full-time
executive agency of the bizonal
organization.
The executive directors, appointed
by the Economic Council from nomi-
nations made by the Executive Com-
mittee and subject to removal by the
(Continued on Page 20)
INFORMATION BULLETIN
MARCH 23, 1948
10


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