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Information bulletin
No. 126 (January 13, 1948)

Review of 1947,   pp. [3]-[24] PDF (15.2 MB)


Page 20


COAL-Villa Huegel in Essen, head-
quarters of new US-UK coal control
group.                       (Byers)
Tribunal I at Nuremberg with the
finding of 16 guilty. Seven were sen-
tenced to death, five to life imprison-
ment, and four to 10 to 20 years im-
prisonment.
The over-all crime situation in the
US Zone showed an improvement,
with decreases in crime incidence
reports in all Laender.
The last shipment of photographs
and records of monuments in the US
Zone of Germany was forwarded to
the War Department for deposit in the
National Gallery of Art in Washing-
ton, D. C.
A revised Bizonal Level of Industry
Plan was approved by the Bipartite
Board on Aug. 29. The plan provided
for the retention of industries nec-
essary to make the area self-support-
ing. (See WIB Issue No. 109.)
At the end of August the Soviet
Zone owed the US Zone about 17,000
open railroad cars while the US Zone
owed the Soviet Zone about 5,000 cars
of other types. In order to balance
partially the growing Soviet Zone car
debt, the furnishing of empty closed
cars to the Soviet Zone was dis-
continued.
Industrial production in the US Zone
continued on an even keel during
August, maintaining the stability it
had displayed since the spring re-
covery slowed down in June. The
over-all index declined from 53 per-
cent of the 1936 average in July to
51 percent in August, due to one
less working day in the latter month.
The Ruhr coal output rose steadily
throughout the month and reached
on Aug. 23 a new daily high of
243,147 metric tons. The daily average
for the month was 237,208 tons.
The drought began to have a serious
affect on the over-all harvest pro-
spects in the US Zone, hydrogenera-
tion of electric power, and the pro-
ductivity of industry.
Food imports into the Bizonal Area
reached a new high in August with
the arrival of 542,000 tons of food-
stuffs. About 62 percent of these im-
ports went to the British Zone.
Postage stamps were being replaced
by the postal main administrations in
Munich because they were being worn
out by use as change in lieu of coins
which were in extremely short supply.
and patterned after the current bi.
zonal export procedures.
The drought, described as the
severest for Germany in 100 years,
had adversely affected the Germag
economy. The over-all fall crops were
reduced 70 to 40 percent according to
preliminary estimates. Hydrogenere.
tion of electric power dropped 22 per.
cent, crippling industry, and rail
transportation. The low water levels
greatly hampered inland waterway
traffic.
The Military Governor, addressmn
the Laenderrat, said that in view
the established US policy to giv
Germany the opportunity to "becom
a self-sustaining nation in which i
citizens could have hope for th
future," the revision of the level o
industry had proved necessary sine
it had become apparent that th
policy "could not be accomplish
under the level of industry as ori
inally calculated."
Professional specialists, four respi
ators  and  equipment   from
National Foundation of Infantile Par
ysis in the United States were fla
to Berlin to assist the Germ
authorities in combatting the p
iomyelitis epidemic and in provi
treatment of victims.
Tax collections by the four La
governments of the US Zone amount
to RM 2,471,000,000 in the first h
3,000th volunteer for Ruhr coal mines
given sendoff in Frankfurt. (DENA-Bild)
September
THE FIRST POSTWAR trade fair
in the British Zone was held in
Hanover Aug. 18 to Sept. 7. Approxi-
mately 1,300 exhibitors from the Bi-
zonal Area were represented. Total
export contracts were reported at
more than $25,000,000. Attendance
was 715,000, mainly sightseers. (See
WIB Issue No. 112.)
At the Leipzig fall fair (Soviet Zone)
Sept. 2-7, total export sales were
reported  at  slightly  more  than
$16,000,000, including $4,300000 sales
from the three western zones. Total
attendance was given as 142,000. Ex-
port sales at Leipzig were encouraged
by new directives issued by the
German Administration for Interzonal
and Foreign Trade in the Soviet Zone
Coal-mining plant at Duisburg-H
born, North RhinelWestphalla. (Bs
INFORMATION BULLETIN
13 JANUARY
20


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