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Information bulletin
No. 126 (January 13, 1948)

Review of 1947,   pp. [3]-[24] PDF (15.2 MB)

Page 12

der, including buildings and equip-
ment, and the holdings of issued
Reichsbank notes. The accounts of
the former National Socialist Party
and the Wehrmacht, completely block-
ed under MG Law No. 52 and in the
custody of the Reichsbank trustees,
remained completely frozen until
further notice.
I Arrangements were made to return
to the licensees of the 44 German-
language newspapers in the US oc-
cupied areas payments from the fund
of RM 35,000,000 accumulated during
the previous 18 months by a 20 per-
cent license fee upon the newspapers
and publishers. The payments were
to be used for the purchase of plants
and equipment when offers to sell
such property were made.
ACA Directive No. 49, amending
Directive No. 43 on interzonal travel
of a private and urgent nature, pro-
vided that a one-trip pass may be
issued on the basis of certain business,
official, or urgent private reasons
without preliminary sanction of the
commanding authorities of the zone
to be visited. The period of the pass
would not exceed 30 days, although a
15-day emergency extension might be
granted by the authorities of the zone
Production of hard coal in theRuhr
dropped during April well below the
high levels attained in March. "Wild
cat" strikes, occasioned by the com-
plaint of lack of food, developed. A
full-scale protest walkout was staged
April 3, resulting in the loss of an
equivalent of almost two days' pro-
duction. The daily average for the
month was 219,000 metric tons per
working day, or six percent below
the preceding month.
With the advent of warmer weather
unemployment in the US Zone declin-
ed almost 11 percent to 441,300 during
April. While total placements during
April increased by 42.8 percent, the
number of job openings was 10.4 per-
cent higher at the end of the month
owing to the revival of seasonal out-
door occupations.
The arrivals of imported breadgrains
and flour for German civilians in the
Combined Zones during April totaled
about 179,000 metric tons. The failure
of import arrivals during March and
April to meet the monthly import re-
quirements was an important factor
in the difficulty of maintaining the
established ration scales.
Largely because of the continued
favorable weather, industrial activity
in the US Zone continued its recovery
climb in April. As compared with
March, the total industrial production
rose about 23 percent to 43 percent
of its 1936 average, thus placing over-
all output only one point below the
high of 44 percent attained the pre-
vious fall. With textiles, machinery,
vehicles, and rubber products rising
to new high levels since the end of
the war, practically all major groups
participated in the month's improve-
THERE WERE no incidents at the
May Day rallies sponsored by the
trade unions in most cities and towns
of the US Zone.
The general policy was established
that authorized German newspaper
correspondents of licensed media
would be given the same status as
Allied correspondents with respect to
access to MG news and personnel.
The transportation situation at the
port of Bremen had returned to nor.
mal with the backlog cleared and the
rail lines of communications capable
again of handling all traffic assigned
to them.
The US Army Transportation Corps
relinquished on May 1 the operational
control of all military passenger train
services and facilities, and discon-
tinued passenger RTO offices. The full
responsibility for these functions was
assumed by the Reichsbahn and sub-
sidiary organizations.
After eight months of work, the
evacuation of the 1,400,000 books of
the Prussian state library from the
Heimboldshausen mine near Hersfeld,
Hesse, was completed. The books
were stored at Marburg.
In accordance with the economic
decentralization principles, MG Law
No. 57, effective May 6, provided that
each Land government should appoint
an indepedent custodian to manage
and administer, in the respective Laen-
der, the property of the three most
powerful banking chains in Europe
before and during the war-the
Deutsche Bank, Dresdner Bank, and
Commerzbank. (See WIB Issue No. 99.)
Dr. Wilhelm Furtwaengler, former
conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic
Orchestra, was finally cleared of Na-
zism charges by the Allied Komman-
datura and permitted to conduct the
orchestra in Berlin in May as his first
official appearance since the war.
Emphasizing to the Laenderrat the
necessity of strengthening the Ger-
man administrative machinery for the
collection and distribution of food, the
Military Governor commented: "It is
difficult to understand why there is
fat, healthy livestock in such large
numbers on the farms when you get
into the cities and see the faces of
hunger there... A state cannot be
13 JANUARY 1940
Future of Socialization
The future of socialization in
Germany will depend entirely
on the desire of the German
people as a whole, the Military
Governor told the Laenderrat at
its September meeting.
While America believes in
free enterprise and rejects mono-
polies, cartels, or any other trade
restrictions, he said, "It believes
even more strongly in demo-
cracy," and neither aims nor
desires to "impose any economic
structure on the German people
that the German people do not
desire for themselves."
He pointed out, however, that
such a desire "can only be ex-
pressed by the German people
as a whole," and that decisions
involving resources and indus-
tries essential to the economy
of all Germany can be made
only "when the political struc-
ture of Germany has been deter-
mined and when the German
people within the political struc-
ture have had the right to ex-
press their vetos."
The Military Governor invited
self-determination  with  the
words: "It will be that opinion
that makes the decision and not
the imposed dictates of Military

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