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Information bulletin
No. 126 (January 13, 1948)

Review of 1947,   pp. [3]-[24] PDF (15.2 MB)

Page 9

Social Democrats, declined to par-
ticipate. Eighteen other members had
been elected directly by affiliated
unions. The committee as finally
elected consisted of 30 of the Social
Unity Party (the Communistic SED),
six nominally of the Social Democra-
tic Party, five officially of the SPD,
two nominally of the Christian Social
Union, and two officially of the CDU.
The use of insignia or badges by
Pfadfinder  (Boy  Scouts),  Falken
(Falcons), and Freie Deutsche Jugend
(Free German Youth) was approved
in Hesse. Other groups with approved
badges included the Catholic Youth,
Evangelical Youth, and YMCA.
ACA Law No. 51, amendment to
Law No. 14 concerning the motor
vehicle tax, was signed March 31 by
the Control Council.
Employment increased in the US
Zone during the first quarter of 1947.
The total gainfully employed on
March 31 was 6,668,000, a gain of one
percent over the Dec. 31 figure. The
total of unemployed was 483,000 on
March 31, a net decline of one per-
cent since Dec. 31.
The dollar credit realized from the
sale for German exports delivered
from the US Zone as of March 31
totaled $9,500,000. There was a net
balance of $8,731,900 as of March 31.
Cash accounts for financing the ex-
port-import program were opened by
the Combined Zones with the Federal
Reserve Bank of New York and the
Bank of England.
Some of 550,000 bottles of wine,
100,000 bottles of champagne, and
26,000 bottles of schnaps produced in
the US Zone were released for
civilian consumption and for inter-
zonal trade during March. Part of the
wine and all the schnaps were for
production incentives for the Ruhr
coal miners and the North Sea
The average daily output of hard
coal in the Ruhr during March was
233,000 metric tons. On March 21, a
Postwar high of 238,000 tons was
reached and duplicated the following
The end of the cold spell during
March brought with it the begin-
nlings of the expected revival of in-
dustrial activity, and production as a
Wlhole rose an average of 20 percent
13 JANUARy 1948
to 35 percent of the 1936 rate. But
production could not regain its lost
ground immediately, and the output
for March remained about one-fifth
below the peak rate of October and
Approximately 252,000 metric tons
of food were imported for German
civilians in the Combined Zones
during March. Crop deliveries were
below the quotas established in the
1946-47 delivery program.
APPROXIMATELY 70 percent of
the vegetable seeds, 71 percent
of the field seeds, and 30 percent of
the seed potatoes scheduled for im-
portation into the Combined Zones for
spring planting had arrived by April 1.
The wage-tax regulations permitting
deduction of RM 39 from wages be-
fore applying the wage-tax tables
were rescinded April 1 in the Com-
bined Zones because the regulations
were contrary to Control Council
Law No. 12 and because they intro-
duced serious inequalities in the tax
burden between zones since these re-
gulations did not exist in the Soviet
and French Zones.
Maintenance of the 1,550 calories
daily ration for normal consumers
continued in the 100th ration period.
However, the normal consumer rations
of fat, meat, and cheese were the
lowest in the US Zone since the be-
ginning of the occupation.
Of 11,825,000 persons registered in
the US Zone under the German Law
for Liberation from National Socialism
and Militarism, approximately 3,278,000
were found to be chargeable and
8,337,000 not chargeable.
The scarcity of industrial diamonds
and diamond dust was a limiting
factor in the production of light bulbs
and vacuum tubes. Since none could
be obtained in Germany, imports
would be necessary.
The production incentive system
for textile workers was introduced
throughout the US Zone following a
satisfactory trial in Wuerttemberg-
The Bipartite Board agreed that the
respective decartelization branches in
the US and British Zones would be
"designated agencies" to enforce the
decartelization laws.
Approximately 10,500 head of cattle
were shipped from the US Zone to the
Soviet Zone under a Laenderrat con-
tract which called for the delivery
of 18,650 head and 270 tons of hops
in exchange for foodstuffs and other
items of equal Reichsmark value from
the Soviet Zone.
The first shipment of corn sugar
dextrose for the vitamin C program
arrived at Bremen April 8.
The cash, amounting to more than
RM 60,000,000, in the Frankfurt ac-
count under control of the Property
Control Branch of Military Govern-
ment, was returned to the respective
Laender of origin.
Distribution of 23,500 copies of a
booklet containing the Hessian and
American constitutions, both printed
in German, was made throughout
Hesse. Each teacher received one
copy, each high and vocational school
received 50 copies.
The German Youth Activities pro-
gram in the military communities in
Bavaria and Hesse were being co-
ordinated by the appointment of GYA
officers in each military post.
Distribution of 3,744 German Bibles
and 8,150 Bible extracts received from
the American Bible Society were made
to German churches in Land Bremen
Life of Fire-Fighters
In addition to extinguishing
fires and razing dangerous build-
ings, the Bremen and Bremer-
haven fire departments in June
performed these jobs: rescued
two men who had been trapped
under a collapsing brick wall;
removed 13 unfed horses that
collapsed in the streets; recap-
tured three swarms of bees;
pumped out 24 flooded base-
ments; removed traffic hindrances
and vehicles driven into ditches;
filled swimming pools with wa-
ter; repaired and painted flag
poles; revived  three  persons
overcome by gas from defective
pipes; made inspections in the
dock area to see that special fire
regulations were observed.

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