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Information bulletin
No. 126 (January 13, 1948)

Review of 1947,   pp. [3]-[24] PDF (15.2 MB)


Page 4


German associates. Likewise, Ger-
mans were prevented from accepting
appointments and from serving as
directors of Swiss firms.
The Social Democratic Party gained
complete control of the Bizonal Eco-
nomics Agency through the resig-
nation of Dr. Rudolf Mueller (CDU) as
chairman following a vote of non-con-
fidence by the Bizonal Economics
Executive Committee, and his replace-
ment by Dr. Viktor Agartz (SPD). All
the economics ministers composing
the executive committee except Dr.
Mueller were SPD members.
Unemployment insurance was re-
sumed in Hesse, benefiting up to 3,000
persons totally unemployed and up to
5,000 persons partially unemployed ...
Because of loss of work due to bad
weather and shortages of coal and
power, emergency relief measures
were approved in Hesse and in Wuert-
temberg-Baden.
ACA Law No 44, promulgated
Jan. 14, repealed provisions of former
German Government ordinance ex-
tending until end of war the duration
of certain agricultural and other leases
which, without the ordinance, would
have expired during the war. The law
provided that these leases had expired.
The first edition of 375,000 copies of
the booklet series, "Jeder lernt Eng-
lisch" (Everybody Learns English),
popular-language course of Die Neue
Zeitung, official MG newspaper, was
sold before printing.
Twenty thousand copies of the re-
port of the US Education Mission to
Germany, as printed by Die Neue Zei-
tung, were quickly bought up by the
German public. An additional 15,000
copies were published for distribution
to school groups throughout the zone.
The Land Central Banks and their
branches began on Jan. 15 accepting
for payment at a rate of one mark for
30 cents US military payment orders
and US certificates of credit from
former US prisoners of war residing
in the US Zone.
The Rhine River was at its lowest
point in 25 years. Ice floes covering
approximately 80 percent of the river
caused an ice block at the Lorelei
gorge (see WIB Issue No. 88) . . .
Navigation on the Danube River was
completely suspended owing to the
low water and ice . . . Barge traffic
from the Bremen Enclave was at a
standstill . . . Railroad traffic was
curtailed  to insure  shipment  of
essential food and fuel supplies.
In the first interzonal trade meeting
since the formal economic fusion of
the US and British Zones, German
officials from the Combined Zones
and from the Soviet Zone negotiated
a program for the exchange of essen-
tial materials and manufactured pro-
ducts.
A foot-and-mouth disease outbreak
in the Lower Franconia district of
Bavaria, which had commenced in
November when infected swine were
imported, was eliminated by late
January.
Fifty percent of all the plays pre-
sented in Berlin during the third week
of January were of American origin.. ..
The most popular American play in
Germany was "Three Men on a
Horse," which up to Jan. 21 had had
169 consecutive performances.
Agreement between Deputy Military
Governors of US and British Zones
creating Land Bremen was signed
Jan. 21, effective as from Jan. 1. The
new Land consisted of the territories
of the cities of Bremen and Weser-
muende and the port of Bremerhaven.
A survey of black-market activities
and price control violations in Ba-
varia indicated that one-quarter of the
goods used for black-market purposes
was farm produce.
MG Ordinance No. 10 "Illegal Pos-
session of United States Military Pay-
ment Certificates," was promulgated
Jan. 22 to list the categories of per-
sons eligible to use or handle scrip
and to clarify existing theater rules
and procedures on the subject.
Charges under the Law for Liberation
from National Socialism and Militarism
were filed by the special denazifica-
tion prosecutor, Franz Karl Maier, in
Wuerttemberg-Baden against Minister
President Reinhold Maier and Minister
of Culture Wilhelm Simpfendoerfer on
allegations both had assisted the Nazis
to power by voting for the Enabling
Act in the Reichstag in 1933.
Industrial production in January
declined 20 percent below that of
December to an estimated 31 percent
of the 1936 average. Although the
general index of industrial production
in the US Zone had fallen 30 percent
from its October-November high, the
drop reflected extraordinary seasonal
factors rather than a fundamental
change in the economic picture.
January imports of US food for Ger-
mans in the US-occupied areas reach-
ed a record monthly total of 193,500
metric tons.
The; average daily output of hard
coal in the Ruhr rose to 253,000 metric
tons in January, a new postwar high.
This was almost five percent higher
than in the preceding months and
INFORMATION BULLETIN
Laenderrat Responsibility
The Leenderrat continues to be
charged with the responsibility
for preparing legislation that
obviously must be applied uni-
formly throughout the US Zone
of Occupation. It must continue
to study, comment, and recom-
mend on proposed quadripartite
legislation to be made applicable
to Germany as a whole. The in-
dividual members of the Laender-
rat, acting in their capacities as
ministers president,... will ex-
press the views of each Land in
matters of bizonal economy
through their representatives on
the bizonal agencies. Each minister
president will be responsible for
the execution of bizonal econo-
mic policies. - Deputy Military
Governor in address to Laender-
rat Jan. 8.
Overworked Locomotives
The terrific strain on the loco-
motives, many of them old and
war-scarred, on the German rail-
roads was illustrated by the
following comparison of the re-
quirements on the locomotive
power during the 1946-47 winter
and the normal figures for the
Reichsbahn during peacetime.
1946-47 Winter Normal
Hours in Service
per 24-hour day    16        11
Hours per day for:
Repair            3         2.5
Maintenance       5         3
Ave. ton per locomotive:
Passenger       256        192
Freight         603       575
13 JANUARY 1948
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