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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 101 (July 1947)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 15-19 PDF (3.4 MB)


Page 18


(Continued from page 12)
Mil. Gov. Regulations
OMGs in the US Zone is through the
Chief of Staff, OMGUS. This does
not, however, preclude the use of
technical channels for information,
advice, and review of field operations
by divisions/offices (see MGR's 1-600
and 1-601).
E FFECTIVE 1 January 1947, the
jurisdiction and responsibility of
US Military Government was extended
to the whole of Land Bremen as de-
fined in MGR 1-430.4 and it is now
defined for such purposes as an inte-
gral part of the US Zone (MGR
1-107.c). By MG Proclamation No. 3
(MGR 23-303), 21 January 1947, Land
Bremen assumed equal status with the
other Laender in the US Zone as pre-
viously constituted by MG Proclama-
tion No. 2 (MGR 23-301). Pending
adoption of a constitution, the exist-
ing German government of Stadt
Bremen is recognized in MG Proclama-
tion No. 3 as the provisional govern-
ment for Land Bremen, and enjoys re-
presentation in the Laenderrat, in the
bizonal Economic Council and  all
other bizonal agencies (MGR 1-510.3).
British Military Government, however,
retains jurisdiction over that part of
the former Bremen Enclave which was
not included in Land Bremen; how-
ever, US Folces contiune to be respon-
sible for the area security of the entire
Bremen Enclave. Upon the promul-
gation of MG Proclamation No. 3 all
existing British MG enactments were
repealed thereby  and US Military
Government legislation' made effec-
tive; however, rights and liabilities,
including criminal offenses, which
had previously accrued therein under
British MG legislation were continued
in force and effect.
MG Liaison and Security Offices
are established and maintained in each
Stadtkreis of the US Zone and in each
Landkreis containing no Stadtkreis.
Functions of a Liaison and Security
Office are: to help insure that Ger-
maps, UN nationals, US personnel,
and others comply with MG laws,
quadripartite agreements, and US
occupation policy; to observe, assist,
and advise (but not to direct) German
governmental agencies in the administ-
ration and enforcement of German
laws (see MGR 5-433.3).
T HE function of MG administrative
units in each Land is to provide
the administrative support for its Liai-
son and Security Offices and to re-
lieve the detachments of all administ-
rative burdens.
The geographical components of the
four Laender comprising the US Zone
are set forth in detail in MG Pro-
clamations No. 2 (MGR 23-301) and
No. 3 (MGR 23-303).
OMG Bavaria has responsibility for
MG in Land Bavaria, constituted now
as it was in 1933, less the Rhenish
Palatinate  (Regierungsbezirk  Pfalz)
and the Kreis Lindau.
OMG Hesse has responsibility for
MG in former Land Hessen east of the
Rhine, in the former Prussian Pro-
vinces of Kurhessen and Nassau, and
a small tip of territory between the
town of Witzenhausen and Allendorf.
(See MGR 1-430.2).
OMG Wuerttemberg-Baden has re-
sponsibility for MG in the Stadt and
Landkreis Stuttgart. (See MGR 1-
430.3).
OMG Bremen has responsibility for
Military Government in Stadt Bremen,
Landgebiet Bremen and Stadtkreis
Bremerhaven (Bremerhaven and form-
er Stadtkreis Wesermuende).
OMG Berlin Sector has responsibi-
lity for MG in districts of Berlin:
Kreuzberg, Neukoelln, Schoeneberg,
Steglitz, Tempelhof, Zehlendorf. (See
MGR 1-416.1 for special case of Ber-
lin Sector.)
Part 4, Section D, covers "Military
Districts and Military Posts" and
"Functions of Post Commanders Re-
lating to Military Government." The
first installment of -this series detailing
the provisions of Part 4 erroneously
named it as Part 5, Section C. (See
MGR   1-470, 1-470.1, 1-471 and
1-471.1.)
The fourth and. final installment in
next week's issue of the Weekly in-
formation Bulletin deals with Part 5,
"Relationship of Military Government
and German Government."
Activity and' Interest
In Politics Compared
Writing in the US-licensed Tages-
spiegel in  Berlin,  Karl  Germer
advised that the masses should not
necessarily be politically active, but
should be politically interested. Edu-
cation towards democratic ideals, he
said, is not identical with a guidance
of the masses toward political acti-
vity, for a democratic people does
not have to be politically active as
a whole.
Real democracy, continued Germer,
is achieved by the activity of a cer-
tain group of politically active people
and of the masseswhom these people
keep politically interested.
The present trouble with all Ger-
man parties is that their party polit-
ical principles have not developed
so far that they can meet the polit-
ical tasks of reality, said Germer.
He declared there are two groups
among present party leaders: those
old party warhorses who stick to
ideological traditions and party doc-
trines, and those who really want to
be political active and gain political
maturity but are prevented by the
oldtimers.
The main important point to watch
for in seeking political leaders is that
they stick to their political convic-
tions and try to realize them, said
Germer.
WEEKLY INFORMATION BULLETIN
18
Bipartite Committee
A Bipartite Organization Com-
mitttee has been established to
implement and coordinate the
Bipartite Organization with exist-
ing ejements of OMGUS and to
comply with the policies of the
Military Governor. The members
chosen to make up the Committee
are: Mr. E. L. MacDonald, Bi-
partite Control Office; Mr. W.
D. Schroder, Control Office; Ma-
jor Gordon L. C. Scott, Bipartite
Secretariat; and Mr. E. C. Wolfs-
perger, Civil Administration Di-
vision.
The Committee will report to
the Chlief of Staff, OMGUS, from
time to time on various subjects
under survey and study.
! - |
14 JULY 1947


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