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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 99 (June 1947)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 13-18 PDF (3.9 MB)

Page 13

SECRETARY of State Marshall's
address -at Harvard University
early this month, in which he sug-
gested a joint program for European
recovery-with the "initiative" stem-
ming from Europe-has been widely
appraised by United States news-
papers and radio commentators. Agree-
ing fully with Secretary Marshall's
analysis of the continent's economic
dislocation, and needs, the editorials
generally approved the approach he
suggested to promote recovery.
The Washington Star editorial stat-
ed: "As Secretary Marshall made
clear .. the United States has decid-
ed to try a new approach to the
enormously complex problem of Euro-
pean recovery.
"Heretofore, tQ the tune of many
billions of dollars, we have extended
aid in fits and starts to individual
countries without reference to the
over-all needs of the .continent. -
Now we propose to integrate the
program as much as possible. To this
end, Secretary Marshall has suggest-
ed that the initiative should come
from the European governments them-
selves. In his judgment a number of
them, if not all, should get together
and agree on a common plan calculat-
ed to promote their mutual recovery.
The United States would participate in
the planning, and then-once agree-
ment were reached-our aid would be
forthcoming to the greatest practi-
cable extent.
"There can be no question that our
aid is needed, and will be needed,
in large measure for some time to
"As Secretary Marshall has observ-
ed, the Russian-imposed delay in
working out peace settlements for
Austria and Germany makes the pro-
blem much more difficult than it
would otherwise be. Even so, if the
Soviet Government and its satellites
remain obstructionist, the other coun-
tries-Britain, France, the Lowlands,
Italy, etc.-can do much to improve
the outlook for western Europe. The
idea would seem to require a special
conference by these nations to devise
a program aimed at gearing their
economies together in a way that
would make the efficient and most
fruitful use of our aid. At such a
conference, for example, the French
might agree to merge their zone with
the Anglo-American Zones in Ger-
many, and other measures might be
taken to tie in the German productive
capacity with the needs of all the
conferring powers.
S ECRETARY Marshall has not ex-
plained his proposal in detail. He
has left no room for doubt, however,
that the United States does not intend
to help, but will oppose instead, any
government maneuvering to block the
recovery of other countries. At the
same time, he has assured all nations
willing to cooperate that they Will
have as much economic support as
we can give them on condition that
they agree on a joint, integrated pro-
gram to put Europe back on its feet.
"This constitutes an important de-
parture from past American policy.
Whether it will lead to concrete re-
sults depends largely on how nations
like Britain and France react to it. In
any event, Secretary Marshall is ob-
viously on sound ground. The problem
cannot be solved on a willy-nilly
basis by the United States alone. It
calls for over-all planning and a new
show of European initiative."
Hartford (Conn.) . Courant said:
"European initiative toward a joint
economic reconstruction should be
the first objective of United States
policy . . . If all nations cannot
act together, like-minded ones can.
If  political  action  against  war
is out of reach, economic action
is not." The Courant concluded that
"The Secretary was wise in recogniz-
ing that we cannot impose our ideas
upon Eui
Europe, 1
unless Eu
burden o
St. Lot
a "bold,
portion 0
his ward!
nor effica
must con
The ec
extent t
true. Yet
.which E
unless th
"We h
cannot s5
ing you four or five billion dollars
year over a period of several ye'
unless you move to form an econob
- -",,  -., 1 -yk.   -All  -- l l  7i   E
end of the period to be self-
democratic states. And we
pect enough political unio,
to permit the measures of
union to work.' We have nc
right to say this. It is our
to Europe and to America
The New York Times:
no right to dictate what
economic organization sha
out of the European chaos.
have a right, as a condition
aid and as an occupying
Germany and Austria, to as
organizing effort be made. I
avoid the right and duties 4
"The next step in the develi
Qf the Truman Doctrine is to z
multilateral and positive. Wh
. requires, in Europej is an
Marshall Suggestion Backed
30 JUNE 1947

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