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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 98 (June 1947)

German reactions,   pp. 19-20 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 20

Cigarette Ban
The Frankfurter Neue Presse be-
lieved that the ban on cigarette im-
ports does not really destroy the
black market. It said:
"The ban on cigarette imports re-
cently announced by the American
Occupation Force, undoubtedly en-
deavors to prevent black export of
German goods to foreign countries...
To prevent this for the sake of the
German population, the Occupation
Forces decided upon so important a
"First reports on its effect speak of
a terrible shock to the black market.
We, however, cannot believe that the
black market, always a consequence
of need and prohibition, can receive
the death stroke by this means ...
it cannot mean that the black market
is dead. Those who are still able to
procure cigarettes... will have corre-
spondingly higher profits."
Less Raw Materials
In a front page editorial, the US-
licensed evening paper, Der Abend,
pointed out that the raw material
situation is becoming "more and more
critical" in Berlin.
"In the Soviet Sector, for instance,
all distribution of raw materials
ceased weeks ago", declared the
paper. "Almost nothing has been
made available for civilian use. Nor
has the visit of the eight district
mayors of the Soviet Sector to Gen-
eral Kotikow changed the matter.
"The districts were informed that
the Magistrat will receive raw ma-
terials for distribution by the central
Kommandantura. Up-to-date, however,
no confirmation about raw material
allocations has been received by the
Magistrat. Since no raw materials
legally come into Berlin, the Berlin
plants . . . receive their supplies almost
exclusively from the ruins."
"Well-informed circles express the
fear that unless raw materials are
supplied as soon as possible, the
breakdown of a great part of Berlin's
economy will be inevitable," de-
clared the paper. "A further con-
sequence would be mass unemploy-
ment in Berlin, accompanied by cata-
strophic results."
Seek Better Solutions
The Frankenpost (Hof) in an edi-
torial, entitled "The Next Danger,"
"The Allies do not hide the fact
that they made wrong decisions on
Germans problems. Everybody in the
United States could- read Herbert
Hoover's report of 18 May 1947 in
which he noted two fundamental
errors: the first, when they wanted
Germany to become an 'agricultural
state,' a potato field; the second;
when, after revising the first plan,
they wanted Germany to keep her in-
dustry, but only a 'light industry.'
"We can learn from the twice-
changed attitude of competent Amer-
ican circles that they do not stick to
narrow doctrines abroad, but are
determined to search for better solu-
tions. That should encourage us also
to submit our proposals if we are
afraid that mistakes may be made a
third time. This danger might arise
with the currency reform."
The editorial discussed the danger
of improper currency reform, and
asserted the present surplus of money
might be converted into a shortage.
Forgetful of Past
The Darmstaedter Echo, finding de-
nazification wanting, said: "So far it
looks as if our people have scarcely
learned anything from the twelve
horrible years of the Hitler regime."
Belgium Francs
EUCOM letter, AG 123.7 GSP-AGO,
titled "Belgian Francs" of 5 June 1947,
directs that all-personnel be notified
to provide themselves with American
Express travelers cheques for ex-
change purposes before entering Bel-
gium. The letter quotes a cable re-
ceived from the US Military Attache
at Brussels, saying:
"Request you notify all military
units and personnel subject military
law in US Zone Germany that military
payment certificates cannot be ex-
changed  in  Belgium  for Belgian
francs. Only money acceptable is
American   travelers  cheques  and
dollar currency."
Crime Increases
In Warm Weather
Crime flourishes in the spring in
Germany, according to figures re-
vealed by the first issue of the
Monthly Report on Crime Incidence
in the US Zone recently released by
the Public Safety Branch, IA & C Di-
vision, OMGUS. A high of 68,658
crimes against German and MG Laws
were reported in April. During the
cold month of February 54,010 cases
were booked.
The number of offenses against,
German Law per 100,000 population
reported during April ranged from a
low of 195 in Hesse to 464 in Bremen.
This difference is attributed to the
fact that Bremen is almost entirely an
urban district, more likely to have
a high crime rate, and also because
Bremen is a great port through which
pass most of the supplies for the
entire American Zone of Germany.
The Public Safety Branch believe
that the higher incidence of crime
during warmer weather is due to the
fact that criminals can get around
better when the nights are mild. How-
ever, some violations, such as coal
pilferage, naturally increase during
the period when cold weather makes
shortages more serious.
Of the 30,225 thefts listed for April,
7,985 are reported cleared in the
Monthly Report. Two hundred and
nine of these thefts were of auto-
mobiles, and 29 percent of these car
cases are listed as "cleared." In gene-
ral a case is considered "cleared"
when it is transferred to American
authorities, when the suspectd per-
petrator has been acquitted or cited,
or when the chief suspect is dead, or
not extraditable.
Cases of offenses against MG Law
totaled 12,611 during April, and of
these 12,264 cases were cleared, with
12,678 persons jailed or cited for
these offenses. The Public Safety
Branch explains the high rate of con-
victions by the fact that in thes
cases offenders are- likely to l.e
"caught in the act."
During the nine months covered in
the first report 28,092 crimes weir
committed by juveniles. Adults corn
mitted 310,718 offences during tob
same months.
23 JUNE I71'
.   .  K

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