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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 93 (May 1947)

Juvenile detention home,   pp. [9]-11 PDF (2.1 MB)


Interns get year training,   p. 11 PDF (644.6 KB)


Page 11

program. A physician visits the Home
semi-weekly and is on call at all
times. Newly-arrived boys are given
a medical examination and thereafter
are examined each four weeks. In
case of serious illness the patient is
transferred to the prison section of
the City Hospital. The dentist makes
weekly calls. After the initial exami-
nation, six-week checks are given
each youth. One six-room barracks
has been made' into an infirmary
under the administration of a full-
time nurse. The infirmary consists of
first-aid room, nurse's office, exami-
nation room, and three room for
patients confined to bed. Of these,
one will be used for contagious
cases. Monthly visits to the Institution
are made by a barber. One of the
boys with training in this work gives
additional service when needed. Per-
sonal counseling is done by the
Director and the Assistant Director
individually and in groups.
Corporal Penalty Barred
The high morale of the Home is
perhaps due to the fact that members
take part in administering discipline
to themselves. The boys are divided
into small groups, each with a chair-
man (a member of the group) and a
supervisor (a member of the staff).
Violations of a minor nature are dealt
with by these group councils. House
penalties,  such  as  denying  the
offender dessert or sending him to
bled early, have been effective in most
casels. No corporal punishment is
imposed and punishment of any kind
must be approved by the Director or
Assistant Director.
The juveniles placed in the Home
are classified into three groups. New
arrivals are segregated from the
others until the medical examination,
social history, and psychological study
are made, to determine what special
treatment is advisable. In the same
barracks-though   separated  from
the rewcomers-are the youths con-
sidered the greatest escape risks. The
second group are employed fin labor
groups all over the premises and at
the same time may be given ins'truc-
tion in carpentry, gardening, and
other practical vocations. Group three
are those being prepared for leaving
the Detention Home and re-entering
19 MAY 1947
Twenty-four American college gra-
duates, many of them war veter-
ans, are undergoing a year's training
under the supervision of the Personnel
Office, OMGUS, in the European
Theater toward the goal of assuming
career positions with the Office of
Military Government for Germany
(US).
MG internships are being given by
the War Department to a total of 100
specially-qualified college men, pre-
ferably World War II veterans, who
have expressed a desire to serve Mi-
litary Government in the US Zone of
Germany. The remaining 76 interns
are expected to arrive in the theater
in the near future.
Under the Personnel Office program,
their classrooms are the MG offices
and divisions in Berlin and the
US Zone, and their instructors the
officials themselves.  Emphasis is
being placed on developing within
each intern a broad over-all under-
standing of the policies and functions
of Military Government and, at the
same time, a thorough understanding
of the relationship between OMGUS
headquarters and Land field offices
and of the problems encountered in
the field.
the outside world. They are assigned
private rooms in the Director's build-
ing, are given greater freedom of
movement,   and   are  frequently
enrolled in apprentice training outside
the Institution. They may even attend
public school, but all must return to
the Home each night. Each youth must
prove himself reliable and have a
record of good behavior before be-
coming eligible for this category.
At the outset the percentage of
escapes from the Home was high.
Between 20 November and 10 De-
cember when the maximum number
in the Home was 56 there were 31
escapes. Beginning in January, as
morale rose in the Institution, the
number dropped considerably. In the
month of January there were! three
escapes; in February, two; in March,
none; in April, three.
The 24 trainees were originally
assigned to divisions for specialized
training. Under the current rotation
program the interns will remain in
Berlin for three months, for assign-
ment with various OMGUS operating
sections, including Berlin Sector. The
next two months will be spent with
Land field detachments, and then three
months with Land headquarters be-
fore returning to Berlin where the
final four months of training will be
devoted to a specific division and
branch.
The head of each executive and
functional office and operational divi-
sion in OMGUS and the Land head-
quarters is appointing a responsible
official in his unit to supervise the
activities of the interns during their
attachment to the respective unit.
The official is responsible for the in-
tern in order to accomplish 'the fol-
lowing:
1. Instruction in policy and major
functions of the unit and its specified
branches.
2. Work assignments on current
projects of definite training value.
This will preclude assignment to rou-
tine tasks having little or no training
value.
3. Rotation of the intern within the
unit.
4. Necessary entries on the intern's
qualification card, which will trace
his progress throughout the training
program.
At the conclusion of the trial
training period, successful candidates
will be given permanent MG appoint-
ments commensurate with their re-
spective capabilities and formal edu-
cational backgrounds.
The 100 interns range in age from
23 to 30. All applicants have com-
pleted their college training. The high
qualification standards set by the
War Department for acceptable in-
terns and the huge response from
college men desiring career positions
with Military Government was illu-
strated by the fact that from one uni-
versity 200 applications were received
by the War Department, of which
only two were accepted.
WEEKLY INFORMATION BULLETIN
Interns Get Year Training
11


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