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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 72 (December 1946)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 23-28 PDF (3.3 MB)

Page 25

Agreement, has accomplished the disarma-
ment of the German Navy and the disposal
of the vessels of the Kriegsmarine. The Com-
mission divided 1,713 vessels among the
three nations by December 1945, and since
then has handled the allocation of 375 naval
harbor servicing craft, floating docks, and
other equipment. The US received 671 of
the vessels, including the cruiser Prinz Eugen,
which sailed to Bikini Atoll for the atomic
bomb test. The Commission agreed to destroy
certain other damaged or incomplete vessels,
and in fulfillment the US has destroyed 19
surface vessels, 19 submarines, and 210 sub-
marine sections.  Considering the German
merchant marine a war potential, the Tri-
partite Merchant Marine Commission divided
its 492 vessels among the three nations.
However, 200,000 dead-weight tons of smallt
freighters and tankers were reserved for the
peace-time economy of Germany.
The Navy advised the Army on the dis-
armament of shore establishments and coast
defenses, and also turned over to Army PW
enclosures the personnel of the Kriegsmarine.
The German Minesweeping Administration,
operating under Allied Control, is now
sweeping the mine-infested waters of North-
ern Europe, using- minesweepers and trawl-
ers on loan from the Allies.
The Naval Advisor, as the US member of
the Naval Directorate, is responsible for sur-
veillance over disarmament and -demobiliza-
tion in order to prevent the resurgence of
German nava4 war potential. The problems
involving the characteristics of ships per-
mitted for German use were decided in ACA
directives. In addition, the Naval Directorate
arranged for the re-establishment of the Ger-
man IHydrographic Institute, at Hamburg;
under a board of directors responsible to the
Directorate. Various naval studies directed
toward preventing a revival of war potential
were forwarded to the other directorates.
These studies included such subjects as limit-
ing, the manufacture of Diesel engines in
Germany, prevention of the rebuilding of
future German naval installations, the meas-
ures to be taken against the reorganization
of the Kriegsmarine as well as against certain
German scientists and technicians, the ships
and docks to be retained by Germany for
peace-time use, and the restoration of Ger-
man ports.
The third and final portion of the task of
demilitarizing the German armed forces con-
sisted of eliminating German air war poten-
tial. This has been accomplished by the per-
sonnel of the Aviation Branch, as the US
delegation in the Air Directorate, through
the preparation of studies, recommendations,
and by consultations with other direetorates
sharing the responsibility. These involved
problems of potentially dangerous aviation
personnel, the disarmament and control of
factories and research institutes, the preven-
tion of passive defense characteristics in the
construction of industrial and scientific build-
ings, a uniform policy for the destruction of
German air force installations, and the pro-
hibition of German aviation activities. The
Military Directorate was consulted in the air
disarmament and the destruction or disposi-
tion of aircraft, air fields, and weapons.
The US element of the Air Directorate has
worked consistently toward the goal of free
air transit over Germany for Allied and neu-
tral aviation, and-to develop favorable con-
ditions for the advancement of civil aviation.
The Air Directorate agreed to establish three
corridors for free flight over the- Soviet Zone
to link Berlin with Frankfurt a. 'M , Ham-
burg, and Buckeburg. These have helped to
support the supply of OMGUS and US troops
in Berlin, and have made air communications
For the purpose of promoting safety in
flight, a committee on Flying Safety for -the
Greater Berlin area was organized. Regula-
tions approved by the Four Powers cover the
establishment of the Berlin Control Zone,
Airdrome Traffic Zones, and special and

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