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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 72 (December 1946)

General,   pp. 17-20 PDF (2.1 MB)


Page 18

couragemnt tb indigenous art' which has-
been largely dormant in - Germany since- the
incursion of 'National Socialism.
Economics Division officers at OMGUS
poilited out that US personnel who purchase
worlks of art which are not for purely per-
sonal use, will be violating the Trading with
the- -Enemy Act and Theater Regulations.
USFET Circular 140, dated 26 September
1945, applies in these dealings.
Eighteen Allied nations, including repre-
sentatives of governments in exile, announced
early in 1943 an "Inter-Allied Declaration
against Acts of Dispossession Committed in
Territories under Enemy   Occupation  or
Control." In substance, these nations reserved
the right to declare invalid transfers of
property in countries occupied or controlled
directly or indirectly -  by Germany.
The declaration was, in the first instance, a
formal reiteration of the historical, moral, and
legal principle that neither the person who
steals property nor the one who may later
come into possession honestly' receives title.
It also put the Axis powers on notice that,
when the time for reckoning came, even ap-
parently legal transactions -  such as Goe-
ring's purchase of French art with stolen
francs - would be declared null and void.
In September, 1944, SHAEF promulgated
Law 52 which made certain property in Ger-
many subject to seizure and management by
the Military Government. Scope of the law
was broad. Not only did it cover property
owned or controlled - directly or indirectly
- by the German government, its political
subdivisions, and agencies, but it 'also ex-
tended to the property of organizations' and
clubs dissolved by the Military Government,
to the property of governments and citizens
of any nation at war with the Allies, and. to
property  of absentee owners, including
United  Nations  governments and   their
citizens.
Law 52 banned transactions in all cultural
materials and objects of value or importance,
regardless, of ownership. The ban also
covered property owned or - controlled by
religious charitable, educational, cultural,
and scientific institutions. Everyone having
Custody of ptoperty. covered by the SHAEF'
law carried specific responsibilities such as
preservation, keeping of records, and safe-
keeping.
Xmas Aid in Greater Hesse
A campaign for Christmas aid to the "250
neediest families" of'Greater Hesse has been
organized by the Director of OMG Greater
Hiesse. The result of a special report on liv-
ing conditions among the Hessians, the cam-
paign is asking for contributions of 'food,
clothing, and money from MG. personnel' and
dependents, from Germans, and' from former
officers .and civilians with OMG  Greater
Hesse who have been redeployed.
Handling     of DP's
The US Immigration and Naturalization
Service, "is doing its utmost to carry out the
humanitarian program of President Truman
facilitating the entry into the country and
the: handling of displaced persons."'
This was asserted in a statement by the
Justice Department in Washington. Statis-
tics for the 15 months ending 1 September
show that of the 1,377 persons deported to
Europe for. all causes, 1,368 were. nationals
of Germany or Austria of whom 58 were
criminals.
Many thousand refugees were allowed to
remain in United States as visitors, and were
given opportunity of obtaining visas as quota
immigrants. in nearby countries so they could
re-enter the United States permanently..
Since 1941, the statement added, 23,000
persons availed themselves of this arrange-
ment, leaving only a small number unable
to obtain visas. Of those in this small
group, Immigration and Naturalization
Service has directed that deportation should
not be effected in cases of usunual merit, if
removal proceedings are based upon mere
technical violation of immigration laws, until
15 February in order that the incoming Con-
gress . may have an opportunity to take
corrective legislative action if. desired.
A Is


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