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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 62 (October 1946)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. 4-13 PDF (5.5 MB)


Page 10


stand for a federalized Germany, or a com-
bination of German states, rather than a
strong, indivisible, centralized German gov-
ernment. To some extent it -is the heir of
the old, powerful Catholic Center Party-
but the CDU, instead of Catholicism alone,
stands for 1he principles of Christianity;
like the old Centrists, its precepts are
humane and moral as well as political.
It is difficult to fix the CDU's political
platform because it varies, depending upon
the part of Germany in which the party
operates. The party attracts all classes of
people because it seems semi-conservative,
yet socially progressive. In Western Ger-
many the CDU appears to be the spokesman
of vested interests, and in Southern Ger-
many it is the spokesman of the Catholic
Church, whereas in the Soviet Zone and in
Berlin, the CDU   *is semi-socialist 'in its
declarations  and  plays' down   Church
affiliations.
It cannot be said 'to represent the great
and powerful' German working class, and
its policies are still rather fluid, but it must
be reckoned with on several counts. Not the
least is its very intelligent leadership which
at present is split among Kaiser of Berlin,
Adenauer of Cologne and Mueller of Munich.
These then are the four political parties
which will be put before the voters on the
20th of October.
Berlin is divided into four sectors of Mil-
itary Government administration. The two
largest sectors are the Soviet with about one
and a quarter million population in eight
boroughs and the American occupying six
boroughs, with a population of about a
million. The population of Berlin today is
estimated at about three'and a half million,
which is about 65 percent of the prewar
figure.
SOVIET INFLUENCE FELT      V
The Soviets alone occupied Berlin for
two months -    from  May to July 1945.
What went on in'those two months has had
a serious bearing on everything that' has
happened since, including the development
of 'the 'political situation.
In those two months the USSR ;did a
truly magnificent job. They cleaned up the
city, they denazified it so completely that
the matter of denazification has never been
more than a nominal problem in this heart
of Nazism. They started newspapers, open-
ed the schools, re-instituted the police and
fire services, undertook public health mea-
sures, fed the city''-- and they; authorized
four political pirties.- Thr'ee of them  were
the same as -the present line-up; but the
fourth,' the -Communist party' (KPD) 'has
now gone out of existence 7at least, in name.
From' the beginning the KPD was sponsor-
ed, sided and pu'shed forward by the Soviet
occupying authorities. But this very sponsor-
ship of the,'KPD militated against the life
and existence' of the party. There was then
a logical step to take: Fuse-the, KPD:with
(Continued on page 19)
10
'The representation from each of the
boroughs of Berlin to the City assem-
bly (shown in column 1) and the num-
ber of members of each borough as-'
sembly (shown in column 2) follow:
(1) City  (2) Borough
Assembly Assembly
British Sector
Wilmersdorf      5        40
Charlottenburg   9        45
Spandau          6        40
Tiergarten       5        40
French Sector
Wedding         10        45
Reinickendorf    8        40
US Sector
Zehlendorf       3        30
Steglitz         6        40
Tempelhof       11        40
Neukolln        11        45
Schoneberg       7        40
Kreuzberg        8        45
Soviet Sector
Mitte            5        40
Prenzlauer Berg 10    .   45
Friedrichshain   8        40
Treptow          4        40
Koepenick        5        40
Lichtenberg      6        40
Weissensee       3        30
Pankow           6        40


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