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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 56 (August 1946)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. [4]-[17] PDF (8.0 MB)


Page 11


CE NTRAL
F I
I
The general functions of the Central Ger-
man Administrative Department for
Foreign Trade are to provide such central
powers and control and such over all coordi-
nation in matters of foreign trade as the
Allied Control Authority may assign to it in
accordance with the objectives of Military
Government and the Berlin Protocol. In the
initial stage its functions will be predomi-
nantly of an advisory character, but as close
supervision and direction by the Allied Con-
trol Authority are reduced, its executive
functions will increase. So far as possible its
activities will be limited to planning and pro-
graming while the actual execution of the pro-
gram will be left to the Land and Provincial
governments. The department will never-
theless be responsible for execution and will
therefore have supervisory jurisdiction.
Under the German Empire before 1918,
foreign trade was limited only by tariff acts
and trade agreements negotiated by the
Foreign Office. No central Reich Ministry
E R M A N A G E N C I E S
for economic affairs existed in the empire.
The Weimar Republic established a Reich
Ministry of Economics which was respon-
sible for commercial policy but played a
secondary role in international trade agree-
ments. Although the cabinet of the Weimar
Republic had certain broad powers to amend
or establish tariff rates, changes had to be
approved by the Reichstag.   Under the
constitution the Reichspraesident had wide
emergency powers subject to veto of the
Reichstag. In 1931 and 1932 these powers
were invoked to change tariff rates, to restrict
imports and to establish official control of
foreign trade.
POLICY OF NAZI REGIME
The Nazi regime built its policy upon
these emergency powers. Unorthodox trade
devices initiated under the Weimar Republic
were further developed to manipulate every
aspect of foreign trade as an instrument of
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