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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 50 (July 1946)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 18-20 PDF (1.5 MB)


Page 20

troubles as in 1938. Other prevalent illnesses
are diphtheria, the ever-present tuberculosis,
heart disea~se and starvation. However, the
German suicide rate has recouped and is
described as back at its pre-war level, which
is lower than in the United States.
Allied armies have scrupulously observed
food priorities for German children, whose
calory rations range from 1,270 a day for
the youngest to 1,715 for the older children.
The child welfare organizations (Jugend-
aemter) developed under the Weimar Re-
public and pre-empted by the Nazi party
were excellent for the physical training of
German youth but collapsed with the capit-
ulation. However, Allied military govern-
ments reorganized them, providing extensive
care for expectant and nursing mothers and
other services.
Army Program
General Dwight D. Eisenhower. US Army
Chief of Staff, has given Congress an
outline of six basic assumptions on which
the Army program for the next year is
based. The assumptions are:
The United Nations will gain recognition
as a central factor in the establishment and
maintenance of world security... peoples-
of occupied areas will remain tractable, that
there will be no great rebellions due to
scarcity of US troops.. . . occupation of Ger-
many will continue to be shared and British,
Chinese, and Filipinos will assist in occupy-
ing Japan... US manpower requirements
in connection with occupation will continue
to be partially filled by prisoners of war
and other foreign nationals... there will be
no delay in the disposition of surplus pro-
perty which requires personnel for handling
and protection... occupational responsibil-
ities in Austria and Italy will be discontin-
ued during the coming year.
According to General Eisenhower US ob-
jectives in Germany and Japan are to insure
that these countries do not become menaces
to America or to the peace and security of
the world. Fulfillment of those objectives
means disarmament and destruction of their
power to make war.
In comparing occupation problems in the
two countries, he pointed out that in Japan
the Allies had taken over a country which
had surrendered under an established gov-
ernment, while the German surrender was
chiefly a military capitulation with no or-
ganized government in existence. Hence, he
said, occupation requirements in Germany
call for one man for every 120 Germans,
while in Japan the ratio is only one for
every 650 Japanese.
UN Security Council
The success of the United Nations Security
Council in focusing the majority opinion of
nations on international questions and
bringing about clarity of issues was stressed
by Herschel Johnson, temporary US delegate
to the Security Council, in the National
Broadcasting Company's "University of the
Air" program.
The program's moderator pointed out that
some people feel the work of the Security
Council has accomplished little toward a
constructive settlement of disputes, but
Johnson in reply said that accomplishment
cannot always be measured on the surface.
"'What our work boils down to", Johnson
added, is "broadening areas of agreement.
We shouldn't be too impatient. It takes time
to reach agreement on fundamental questions,
but we are making headway."
- In discussing actual accomplishments of
the Council since it began work more than
five months ago, Johnson pointed out that
news headlines too frequently play up dif-
ferences which can be dramatized. He
emphasized that the Council has done a great
deal so far to- fulfill its obligations under the
UN Charter - to promote peaceful adjust-
ments of disputes.
In discussing more general aspects of the
UN, Johnson said that "one principle of
great importance has been established in the
brief history of UN - that all nations, great
or small, have equal right to lay their griev-
ances before the court of the world for
opinion."
20


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