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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 50 (July 1946)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. 5-[17] PDF (7.8 MB)

Page 15

between the age of three and ten. From
the second week on pupils up to 14 were
included. The children are selected from
families which do not get heavy workers'
rations, keep chickens, own grocery stories,
or otherwise receive above-average food al-
lotments. Menus vary daily, and consist of
either hot cereal and milk or a thick,
nourishing soup, Brlad or rolls are also
distributed in the schools.
Approximately 4,500 children between the
ages of six and ten, a German welfare of-
ficial revealed, received two meals, 1,000
pupils up to six years were fed once each
school day, and 500 kindergarten tots from
Kassel suburbs ate an additional 1,000
portions by the week's end.
Hospitalized Kassel children also share in
the program. In the first week's operation
about 250 patients, the oldest of w hom was
16, ate at least one of the American feedings
The point to which German nutrition has
fallen was cited by the head doctor in
Kassel's 85-patient children's hospital. "All
small children here," she said, "are sick
from malnutrition. The food they get from
their parents, though sometimes sufficient in
quantity, was of such poor quality that the
children broke out with skin diseases and
developed severe digestive disorders."
According   to  the  Chief Physician at
Kassel's Central Hospital, many operations
for stomach and intestinal ulcers can no
longer be attempted when the patient lives
on German rations alone. "The quality of
these American relief supplies," he said, "is
an important factor in insuring the recovery
of our young convalescents."
Closely associated with the school and
hospital feeding programs is the relief of
expellee children, "About one-fifth of the
children fed by the school relief are newly-
arrived expellees as are over one-ninth of
those in city hospitals," said a German wel-
fare official. "In addition," she revealed,
"we maintain a home for orphaned expellee
children where from 25 to 30 children are
fed each day."
A charge to cover costs: of transporting
food from the kitchens to schools has been
fixed at the rate of five German cents to
one US cent at official exchange rates per
meal. Despite the low cost, a member of the
Kassel Central Committee disclosed, more
than half of the children cannot afford to
pay anything. In such cases, the meals are
distributed free of charge.
I N LAN D WATE RWAYS (Continued from page 13)
In the realm   of intergovernmental re-
lations, equally significant progress has been
made. The Rhine River has been reestablish-
ed as an internationalized waterway and
satisfactory agreements have been made with
other riparian nations concerning its free
use. Restitution of large numbers of craft
seized by the Nazis has already been effected.
Institution and reactivation of international
waterways traffic and engineering com-
missions has been supported and membership
within such groups has been accepted. For
the present, negotiations with adjoining
countries must continue with completion of
restitution of craft, elimination of inter-
national boundary line restrictions for Ger-
man craft, ;ahd open navigation throughiOut
the entire length of the Danube as major goals.
Plans for the future include- further em-
phasis upon asumnption of responsibility by
Germans for administration of their own
water transport system. The aim    of MG
officials will be to insure that watertrans-
port facilities are rehabilitated to the extent
necessary to support occupation and civilian
economy requirements and that such facili-
ties are used to the maximum practicable
extent to the subordination of rail and road
traffic. This aim is predicated on the estab-
lished principle that waterways offer less
war potential than- other forms of trans-
portation available to Germany.

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