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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 49 (July 1946)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. [4]-[29] PDF (18.0 MB)


Page 13

Boards to hear appeals on the lowet levels
with MG acting in supervisory capacity and
maintaining the court of final authority.
Almost immediately. after quadripartite
government was set up in Germany, ne-
gotiations were begun to carry out the
denazification provisions of the Potsdam
Agreement on a uniform basis throughout
Germany, with the result that on 12 January
1946 the Allied Control Council issued Con-
trol Council Directive 24, establishing an
identical policy to govern the removal and
exclusion of Nazis  and  militarists from
employment in all four zones of occupation.
This directive follows closely the provisions
of the 7 July directive and represents a
major American contribution to quadripartite
policy in this field.
IMPLEMENTATION OF POTSDAM
It will be observed that each succeeding
law and directive carried the program a step
further toward the realization of two Pots-
dam principles: "...Germany never again
will threaten her neighbors or the peace of
the world," and ". . .the German people
(will) be given the opportunity to prepare
for the reconstruction of their life on a
democratic and peaceful basis." The sanc-
tions against militarists and Nazis were
gradually broadened through successive
regulations to remove political undesirables
from every economic stratum above ordinary
labor, and the German people's share in the
responsibility of carrying out the program
was steadily increased. The German "Law
for Liberation from National Socialism and
Militarism," published on 5 March 1946, is
the culmination of both aims. On the one
hand it imposes even more stringent and
extensive sanctions than were provided for
in any of the earlier directives - adding the
category of private ownership to the eco-
nomic groups already encompassed by MG
sanctions; and on the other hand it places
direct responsibility upon the German people
for carrying out these sanctions, for it was
the German administration itself which
drafted and promulgated the law and is now
carrying out its provisions.
RESULTS UNDER MG CONTROL
Before goiigg into further detail on the
German plan for self-denazification, it would
be well to review the results of the program
under MG control as reflected by statistics
cumulative to 31 May, 1946. At that time
94 percent of the more than 1,613,000 Frage-
bogen submitted to Special Branch Offices
(exclusive of Fragebogen submitted under
Law No. 8) had been investigated. Sixteen
percent of all investigated cases were found
to be active Nazis whose removal was man-
datory under MG directives - a percentage
rate which has varied only slightly from
month to month throughout the operation
of the program. Removal or exclusion from
employment was accomplished in all cases
among the 960/o of investigated Fragebogen
where action was completed, resulting in the
removal or rejection of some 373,700 per-
sons. Forty percent of the removals and ex-
clusions were from positions in public office;
this was by far the largest percentage from
any one occupational group and reflects the
well-known tendency of German civil
servants during the Nazi regime to protect
or improve their positions by jumping on the
party bandwagon.
PROBLEM FACING GERMANS
The widespread political culpability of
experienced public office personnel, plus
the failure of Special Branches to dis-
cover evidence of anti-Nazi activity in
more than five-tenths of one percent of all
cases investigated, augurs a serious problem
for the Germans in providing competent
democratic personnel for the administration
of the new law. Similar problems were
faced when MG's functional denazification
resulted in the removal of trained employees
from transportation, communications, postal
service and other public industries. Despite
grim prognostications, however, in none of
these and similarly affected industries did
the removal of political undesirables result
(Confinued on Page 39)
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