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Military government weekly information bulletin
No. 42 (May 1946)

German reactions,   pp. 13-14 PDF (1.0 MB)


Page 14

that 'if one does not support the Unity
one is an enemy of the Soviet Union.'
On the merger party days he continues,
Otto Grotewohl stated that opposition
to an, inmediate merger equals the anti-
Bolshevism of Hugenburg and Hitler.
"By -a clear socialist and independent
Germ-an policy the SPD will have to
show the working people that the KPD
must stand for the rights of man and
the liberties -of democracy or the party
is superfluous in Germany. The SPD
will have to keep a strict check on the
activities 'of the KPD and SPD. The re-
proach of anti-Bolshevism is an ill-inten-
tioned slur," he claims.
According to Klingelhoefer, the striving
for power of the Communist Party im-
pairs the unity of the labor movement,
though at the same time a coalition pol-
icy with the bourgeoise parties cannot
be recommended, for more than ever
reaction hides within these parties.
This reaction, he states, is shown in
the demands for federalism behind which
the particularist and separatist bour-
geoise hides.
"The SPD," he concludes, "will have
to increase its activity in order to meet
the needs 'of, the future. In Berlin the
Social Democrats have proved that they
are able to fight, and they have also
shown the German youth that courage
can realize the highest aims."
War Planfs and Reparations
A follow-up Information Control sur-
vey was recently made 'of public attitudes
toward the use of. German industrial
plant equipment as reparations and to-
ward the blowing-up of war plants which
cannot be converted to peacetime use.
Several additional questions were asked
on the second survey in order to probe
these attitudes more fully.
The most recent survey showed no
important increase in public disapproval
of these two Allied economic policies
despite the fact that additional demoli-
tions and removals had taken place in
the interim. Most people had heard of
the destruction of war plants. Approval
of this action was given by five persons
out of every eight who 'expressed opinion.
Practically all people (96 0/) would
prefer to see only the equipment in these
war plants destroyed, while the building
itself should be preserved intact forhous-
ing purposes. In this connection, the
survey showed widespread lack of un-
derstanding as to why some plants are
blown up entirely while in other cases
only the equipment is destroyed. They
do not understand that the building or
structure housing some war plants could
not be used for housing or other peaceful
purposes. Very few people (80/%) claim-
'ed to know how many war plants had
already been destroyed and even fewer
(30/%) knew how many were slated for
eventual destruction.
As for the reparations program, half
the public continued to concede that the
transfer of certain German industries
was justified while almost a third of the
public took the opposite point -of view.
The rest held no opinion.
May Day Appeal
In his talk on May Day Wilhelm
Pieck, one of the two top leaders of the
new Socialist Unity Party, declared "we
fight for Germany's unity because that
is the only way by which our people
can isure democracy and peace in our
country."
"We desire the Rhine and Ruhr areas
to remain with Germany because our
people cannot exist without these vital
districts," continued Pieck, observing fur-
ther that "we want a uniform, anti-
fascist, parliamentary, democratic repub-
lic. We want the setting up of a central
government as soon as possible by the
anti-fascist democratic parties and the
trade unions. We desire Berlin to re-
main the capital of our country."
14


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