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Military government weekly information bulletin
No. 42 (May 1946)

General,   pp. 11-12 PDF (1.0 MB)


Page 12

vealed that 47,247 people were checked
'of whom 541 were -held for special in-
vestigation; 4 persons wanted in police
bulletins were picked up, 146 reta'ined
for missing indentity p~a~pers and 89 for
connections with other crimes.
On the basis iof these results, Public
Safety officials concluded that whatever
strength the Edelwieis clique boasted was
centered in towns and not in mountain
ar,eas. Railroad stations, where wandering
youth congregated, were believed to be
most likely meeting places. The Bavarian
raid succeeded in "stabilizing the feeling
'of security and protection among the
people, 'especially in mountain areas,"
MG officials said.
Maximizing Food Production
Germa.n farmers will be p!ermitted to!
cultiva'te former airfields and other mili-
tary reservations, this summer as part
of the OMGUS progra,m     to maximize
iagricultura.l production during the next
18 months. Sections of the Hohen-
£eld maneuver area near Parsberg, Ba-
varia, former Wehrmacht training ground,
,are already being plowed. The 7,000
,acre. Weihenstephen agricultural ciollege
at Freising, which has been usled by the US
Army since last August, was returned to
thle Germais last week for the training
'of farm specialists.
Civil Service Codes
Revised civil service codes will b'e
drawn up by the Laender for submission
to OMGUS by 15 June. Object of the
projected codes is to overhaul" the entire
civil service structure in the. United
States Zone, replaci.ng. the' Nazi buretau-
cratic-typie 'system with a merit -system pat-
terned after that in the United States.
The projected changes conform with the
US   -policy  of  decentralization  -,and
strengthening lof the La.ender. Under. the
Nazi'system, only 22 percent of govern-
mient workers 'enjoyed civil service rights.
The system now being studied is aimed
at extending civil service benefits to ab-
Aout.. 90Q p!ercent of --all government wor-
kers, excluding 'only common labor.
Brassards for Identification
A special brassard for wear with civil-
ian clothing has been   authorized by
USFET for US civilian employees and
dependents 'of US civilian and military
personnel. The brassard, consisting of an
American   flag  super-imposed upon  a
white strip 'of cloth, will supply the
individual with visible means 'of identif-
.ication while in occupied territory.
Use 'of the brassard, which will be
worn on the left arm of outer clothing
midway between the shoulder and the
'elbow, is I optional. Post Exchanges
throughout the Theater will handle sale
lof the identification symbiols.
Use of MG Terms
OMGUS requests that only officially
defined terms be used in referring to
various categories of civilians, since mis-
understandings may result from the use
'of other phrases.
One of the best examples of this is the
increasing use 'of terms such as "victims
'of fascism" and "victims of nazism,"
which have been 'occuring more and more
frequently in 'official reports and publi-
cations. The term "victims of fascism" is
particularly undesirable, since it is in
official use in the British and Soviet
Zones for purposes not now covered -by
US p' piolicies. There is also a. German
civilian 'organization  in  Berlin whose
members carry -cards bearing this phrase.
Use -of the officially approved term "per-
secutees" -avoids confusion in these cases.
. Loose use of unofficial terms has resul-
ted -.in: unnecessary - inquiries to - MG of-
fic'ers and might-even bring about minor
misunderstandings  with. iother  Allied
powers. All personnel should therefore
be careful to avoid such terms, particul-
,arly in .official rleports or communica-
tions.
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