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Military government weekly information bulletin
No. 17 (November 1945)

Press comments,   pp. 16-19 PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 18

highlighted a series of blunders in the
delicate. work of control and recon-
struction," said The St. Louis Post-Des-
patch in welcoming the impending shift
of control of German administration
to civilian direction. "For tasks beyond
the usual orbit of military duties, ci-
vilian control would be preferable. But
of course its success will depend upon
wise choice of leaders and personnel."
Another typical comment was that
of The Wilmington Journal: "Consid-
ering the German picture as well as
the unrest prevailing in many parts of
the world, it is plain that the second
phase of the war - the cleaning-up
process    presents almost as many
problems to the Allies as they were
called upon to solve in the days of the
purely military operations."
Industry Control
The slow progress made by the
Allies in formulating a program for
the control of German industry has
been due to the "-complexity 'of the
problem and the difficulties of as-
sembling reliable data rather than to
basic policy conflicts," declared Rus-
sell Hill in a dispatch to The New
York Herald-Tribune from Berlin.
According to Hill, three possible
courses are open to the Allies. "They
may leave Germany with enough in-
dustry to provide exports that would
pay for imports sufficient to support
the present population. In this event
controls would have to be imposed to
insure against a resurgence of theGer-
man war potential.
"Alternately, the Allies may con-
trol German industry more drastically
but still balance the budget bycutting
down food consumption until the po-
pulation has been considerably reduced.
"Or, finally, they may artifically
support in Germany a larger popu-
lation than is warranted by the level
of industry by exporting food to Ger-
many without expecting payment for
it."
Hungary Elections
The recent elections in Hungary
provided the topic for several news
articles in the American press, editorial
writers directing attention to their
significance in the rebirth of European
democracy.
"The character of these elections
may be considered highly 'encourag-
ing," said an editiorialinTheWashington
Evening Star. "They were the first of
their kind in central Europe since pre-
war days, and they were free. If a,
similar measure of freedom could now
be had in the vote soon to be held in
Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Rumania, and
Austria, the international atmosphere
would be greatly improved. In aiiy
event Moscow had no regime in Hun-
gary, nor did it interfere in the ballot-
ing - a. fact which even confirmed
Russophobes must admit on the face of
the evidence.'
Random Comments
"We are particularly fortunate in
having at the action level two outstand-
ing statesmen who can translate our
theories into action if they are given
full authority. Those two outstanding
statesmen are General Eisenhower, in
command of our European armies of
occupation, and General MacArthur, in
charge of our Pacific forces. General
Eisenhower has won the highest regard
of our European Allies for his master-
ful conduct both as a soldier and a
diplomat. General MacArthur has won
the same sort of respect in the Pacific...
President Truman has laid down the
broad outline of our policy. Above all,
we should keep on the job men who
have shown that, given the opportunity
18,


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