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Reno, Marcus A., 1835-1889, (Marcus Albert) / The official record of a court of inquiry convened at Chicago, Illinois, January 13, 1879, by the President of the United States upon the request of Major Marcus A. Reno, 7th U.S. Cavalry, to investigate his conduct at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, June 25-26, 1876
(1951)

Twenty-sixth day,   pp. 542-553 PDF (7.9 MB)


The court's findings,   pp. 553-555 PDF (1.6 MB)


Page 553


sweep everything before him.'l After describing the moving off of the Indian
village on the 26th, Maj' Reno says "Wvle now tho ught of Custer, of
whom
nothing had been heard and nothing reen since the firing in his direction
about 6 p0 in0 on the evening of the 25th and we concluded that the Indians
had gotten between him and us and driven him toward the boat at the mouth
of
the Little Big Horn River". Capt. Benteen, in reference to his move
to the
left states in his report which accompanies that of Miaj. Reno that "I
had
then gone about fully ten miles, the ground was terribly hard on horses so
I determined to carry out the other instructions, which were that if, in
my
judgment, there was nothing to be seen of Indians, valleys, etc., in the
direction I wax goini- to return with the battalion to the trail the command
was following0."
    The Court has patiently investigated all martters coming within the scope
of this inquiry, and is now in possession of a niltber of established facts
upon wihich its o )inion is to be based.
    I believe that may duty is done and I wish to express to the Court .my
thanks for its patience and forbearance and to the talented and accomplished
counsel who has so ably represented 'Maj. Reno in this inquiry, I wish to
say
that his connection with this case has been to me most pleasant and instruc-
tive.
    The Court was then cleared and closed for deliberation, and tafter matures
ly considering the evidence adduced, reports the following facts and its
opinion in thiis caseU
         *t                           *                       v
                               THE COURTUS FINDINGS
    The Court of Inqtiry assembled by Special Orders No. 255, dated Heads
quarters of the Army, Ac.G.Oo Washington, November 25th, 1878, reports in
obedience to that order the following facts involving the conduct of MwNajor
Marcus A. Reno, 7" Cavalry, in regard to the Battle of the Little Big
Horn
fought June 25 and 261, 1876:
    1st0  On the morning of the 25" of June 1876 the 7" Cavalry,
Lieutenant
Colonel Ga.A Custer commanding, operating against the hostile Indians in
Montana Territory, near the Little Big Horn River, was divided into four
battal-
ions, two of which were commanded by Colonel Custer in person, with the excep-
tion of one company in charge of the pack train,   one by Major Reno and
one
by Captain VJt Benteen.
    This division took place from about twelve (12) to fifteen (15) miles
from the scene of the battle or battles afterwards fought0
    The column under Cantain Benteen received orders to move to the left
for
an indefinite distance (to the first and second valleys) hunting Indians
with
orders to charge any it might meet with0
    The battalion under Major Reno received orders to draw out of the column,
and doing so marched parallel and only a short distance from the column
co.-mLanded by Colonel Custer0
    2ndo  About three or four miles from what afterwards was found to be
the
Little Big Horn River -where the fighting took place, 4,Iajor Reno received
orders to move forward as rapidly as he thought prudent until coming up with
-553-


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