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Reno, Marcus A., 1835-1889, (Marcus Albert) / The official record of a court of inquiry convened at Chicago, Illinois, January 13, 1879, by the President of the United States upon the request of Major Marcus A. Reno, 7th U.S. Cavalry, to investigate his conduct at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, June 25-26, 1876
(1951)

Twenty-fourth day,   pp. 509-529 PDF (8.4 MB)


Page 519


A  as I stated, there was embodied in that report many things of which I
    had no personal knowledge0 I think official reports are always reliable
    at far as reliable information will make them so; but there tmst of
    necessity be many things of which the author has no personal knowledge0
Q. W'ould it not be more reasonable to expect a report made at that time
    would be mre correct than a report based upon recollection two years
after?
A. No, sir,
Q. The twenty-five Indians nearest your comrand    how far away were they?
A, About five or six hundred yards'
Qo State how you determined the number to be twentyfive,
A0 I said "aboutht. It was from the number of shots they seemed to fire
to-
    gether,,
Q. The Indians, as far as you observed, were armed with Winchester rifles?
A. Yes, sir0
Q. Do you know that they had had any other arms?
A. No, sir0
Q. Could you tell by an examincation of the animals, to see what kind of
    bullets they were killed with?
A. No, sir,,
Q. After the fight was over, and knowing that Gen. Custer had been killed
    and that the Indians had the guns of his command,, was any examination
    made into that matter?
A. No, sir; we got out as soon as he would     in fact we moved away from
the
    dead horses.
Q. State what was the effective range of a Winchester rifle at that time0
    I donut mean the improved Winchester arm made since that time0
A. Their range was from 800 to 1000 yards0
BOO Did you ever experiment in regard to that?
A. No, sir; but I have seen an antelope killed at a distance which measured
    about 900 yards0
Q0  Was i.X before or since that fight you saw that experiment?
A, It was before    I think it was in l873ยข
Q0 Did you ever notice any further experiments?
A, Yes, sir;   I saw the Uinchester riCle tested at the Springfield Armory
    and 'it was about the same there0 That is the extreme range,.
Q. Is it your opinion that the Winchester rifle had a greater range than
the
    carbine with which your command was armed?
A. No, sir.0
Qo  You stated that all the Indians engaged you on the hillo  Do you mean
they
    engaged you simultaneously, or what wuas the greatest ninbder that en;Xaged
    you at any one time?
                                  -539-


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