Germany (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Population changes, 1947 : U.S. Zone Germany
Section III: growth through immigration, pp. 11-18 PDF (3.2 MB)
EL1JV LJ L I I Il IN 1U%0. I - II Table X compares the number of Pis with the number of gainfully em- ployed persons as of midyear 1947. Comparison was necessarily restricted to a few selected occupations or groups of occupations. The figures indicate that the return of PWs will increase the labor supply to an appreciable degree in many occupations faced with labor shortage. For instance, male labor supply in construction will be increased by 12.0 percent, in agriculture by 7.9 percent, and In metal and related trades by 8.7 percent. It is also anticipated that economic activity will be influenced more favorably than is indicated by this head count, as the majority of the Ply are in the most officient age groups. TABLE X CCKPARISON OF GAINFULLY EMPLOYED MALES WITH UNRETURNED PRISONERS OF WAR REGISTERED IN THE U.S. ZONE JUNE AND JULY 1947 BY OCCUPATION Gainfully Prisoners Employed of War Males Prisoners as percent Occupations (30 June 1947)1/ of War of column 2 (1) (2) (3) (4) All occupations 4,236,363 375,290k/ 8.9 Selected occupations: Agriculture 994,392 78,131 7.9 Construction and related trades 261,490 31,493 12.0 Metal and related trades 656,503 57,340 8.7 Woodworking and related trades 201,663 20.018 9.9 Textiles 157,485 11,123 7.1 Processing of food, tobacco products and beverages 156,999 22,477 14.3 Trade, transportation and administrative occupations 940,980 66,047 7.0 aG German Labor Office statistics ). Less students The full favorable effect on the labor market brought about by the return of PW* actually occurs only in the case of prisoners released by the Western powers. The Soviet Union obviously follows a policy of selection In this respect, first releasing old and physically unfit PWs from which the labor market derives little benefit, in no way comparable to the immediate benefit derived from the return of PW from other countries. A relatively high per- centage of PWs from Russia, some of whom must be hospitalized, are incapable of work, and the number of fit young men is relatively small. (It is possible, however, that with the stepped up program of returning PWs held by the Soviet Union a larger percentage of physically fit persons will be returned.) 16 CIVIL ADMINISTRATION DIVISION _ _ Ad _ Ad _ Ho A s * A..... .. . ......_ ._... ......................... _...._..
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