University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Germany (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Population changes, 1947 : U.S. Zone Germany
(1948)

Section I: growth of population in 1947,   pp. 6-7 PDF (837.1 KB)


Page 6


POPULATION CHANGES 1947
SECTION I
Growth of Population in 1947
A. Estimated Increase
The total population of the four Laender of the U.S. Zone of Ger-
many (Bavaria, Wuerttemberg-Baden, Resse and Bremen) was 17,379,000 on the
first of January 1947, and increased to 17,725,000 by the first of January
1948. When the U.S. Sector of Berlin is included the figures are 18,371,000
and 18,724,000 respectively. These figures include all types of population
present within the U.S. Zone of Germany: Germans, foreigners living in the
German econozV, inmates of institutions, civil internees, displaced persons
(DP's) in camps, and others, excepting only the U.S. forces and Kilitary
Government personnel.
The following table shows the changes that occurred between 1 Jan-
uary 1947 and 1 January 1948. For a breakdown by Laeuder, see Appendix A".
TABLE I
POPULATION OF U.S. AREAS OF CONTROL
1 JANUARY 1947 AND 1 JANUARY 1948*
(In Thousands)
1 January 1947                1 January 1948
Area                    Resident     DPs in           Resident     DPs in
Total   Population   Camps     Total   Population   Camps
U.S. Zone
(excluding Bremen)    16,893    16,516       377     17,218    16,886   
  332
U.S. Zone
(including Brew-en)   17,379    17,002       377     17,725    17,393   
  332
U.S. Area of Control
(including Berlin
Sector)              18,370     17,986      384     18,724    18,386    
 338
The population covered by ration card count comprises Germans living in in-
dividual households and in institutions of all kinds such as jails, colleges
and camps, and foreigners (whether of DP status or not) living in individual
households. In this report these groups are called 'resident population'.
Resident population plus the number of DPs in camps, including Civilian Labor
Service Companies, results in "total population".
Table I shows an annual increase for 1947 of total population in
the U.S. Zone, including Land Bremen, of 346,000 or 1.99 per cent. 'Resi-
dent population' increased by 391,000 or 2.30 per cent, whereas the number
of DPs in camps decreased by 45,000 or 11.90 per cent.
In many respects DPs living in camps cannot be regarded as part of
the socio-economic community. They participate neither in the general pro-
ductive process nor in the government, either as voters or as active members
of governmental bodies. The majority of them are waiting to emigrate, either
by repatriation or through resettlement programs. By considering population
figures as more than merely a statistical head count, therefore, the actual
6
CIVIL ADMINISTRATION DlIVISION


Go up to Top of Page