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Bunk, Brian D., 1968-; Pack, Sasha D.; Scott, Carl-Gustaf (ed.) / Nation and conflict in modern Spain: essays in honor of Stanley G. Payne
(2008)

Bunk, Brian D., 1968-
"A shape note of pugnacity" : conservative youth groups in Spain, 1914-1939,   pp. 15-29 ff.


Page 29

Conservative Youth Groups in Spain, 1914-1939 
56. Ibid., 14, 20, 23-24. 
57. Baiez y Pe"rez de Tudela, 127, 129. By 1936, during the critical
electoral period, the director of JAP 
was Jose' Maria Fernaindez Ladreda who had been vice president of the JAP
at its founding and led 
the powerful Asturian section of Acci6n Popular. Baiez y Perez de Tudela,
127. Montero, La CEDA, 
1:620, states that this may have been to avoid fines but it may also have
insured that its output re- 
mained consistent with the ideology of AP and the CEDA. 
58. Lowe, 6, 96. 
59. Emilio Francisco Grandio Seoane, "El desarollo politico de un Partido
"defensivo' en la Galicia de 
la II Rep ublica. La contrarrevolucion parlementaria: la Union Regional de
Dererchas," in Estudios 
sobre la derecha contemporanea, ed. Javier Tusell, Julio Gil Pecharroman,
and Feliciano Montero 
(Madrid: Universidad Nacional de Educaccion a Distancia, 1993), 425, 426,
429. 
60. Grandio Seoane, 436, 437. 
61. Carlos Maria Rodriguez Lopez-Brea, "Dos claves de la politica de
Acci6n Popular durante la 
II Republica: agrarismo y catolicismo. El ejemplo de Toledo," in Tusell,
Gil Pecharroman, and 
Montero, 532, 534, 539, 543. 
62. Lowe, 13, 44, 45. 
63. Biez y Perez de Tudela, 129. 
64. On the cult of personality see Lowe, 60-62, on the rallies, 68, notes
252 and 253. 
65. Baez y Perez de Tudela, 128. 
66. Ibid., 139, 144. 
67. Lowe argues that the number of japistas who left to join the FE was less
than ten percent. While 
this represented a huge growth for the FE it was not a significant reduction
in JAP membership. 
Lowe, 90. 
68. On RE see Gil Pecharroman, esp. chapter 5. 
69. Ibid., 150-52. 
70. Martin Blinkhorn, Carlism and Crisis in Spain 1931-1939 (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 
1975), 70, 73, 76, 134. 
71. Eduardo Gonzalez Calleja, "Hacia una nueva 'guerra carlista' (1931-1939),"
in El Carlismo y la 
guerras carlistas. Hechos, hombres e ideas, ed. Julio Arostegui, Jordi Canal,
and Eduardo Gonzalez 
Calleja (Madrid: La esfera de los libros, 2003), 109-10. 
72. Blinkhorn, Carlism and Crisis, 116, 134, 138-39. Gonzalez Calleja describes
the ascension of Fal 
Conde as a "generational break" and argues this signaled the triumph
of the most radical elements 
of the movement. Gonz6.lez Calleja, "Hacia una nueva 'guerra carlista',"
111. 
73. Gonzalez Calleja, "Hacia una nueva 'guerra carlista'," 110.
74. Blinkhorn, Carlism and Crisis, 209-11,214. 
75. Ibid., 182,235. 
76. Payne, Fascism in Spain, 240, 244, 253. 
77. Sancho Davila, De la O.J. al Frente dejuventudes (Madrid: Editora Nacional,
1941), 45, 64. 
78. Ibid., 14. 
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