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Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 / Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate: and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire

Chapter XXXVII. The Arizona campaign. (I),   pp. 480-493 PDF (5.5 MB)

Page 486

   In this way a command should, under a judicious leader, capture a band
of Indians or
drive them fromt one hundred and fifty to two hundred miles in forty-eight
hours through
a country favorable for cavalry movemients; and the horses of the troops
wvill be trained
for this purpose.
   All the commanding officers wvill make themselves thoroughly familiar
with the sections
of country under their charge and will use every mneans to give timely information
ing the movements of hostile Indians to their superiors or others acting
in concert with
them, in order that fresh troops miay intercept the hostiles or take up the
   Cominmandintg officers are expected to continue a pursuit until capture,
or until they are
assured a fresh command is on the trail.
   All camps and movemients of troops wxill be concealed as far as possible,
and every
effort will be made at all times by the troops to discover hostile Indians
before being seen
by them.
   To avoid ammunition getting into the hands of the hostile Indians every
cartridge xvill
be rigidly accounted for, and wxhen they are used in the field the empty
shells will be
effectually destroyed.
   Friendly relations xvill be encouraged betxw een the troops and citizens
of the country,
and all facilities rendered for the prompt interchange of reliable information
the movements of hostile Indians.
   Field reports xxill be nmade on the tenth, twventieth. and thirtieth of
each montlh, giving
the exact location of troops and the strengTth and condition of commands.
   By commniand of Brigadier-General Miles:
                    WILLIAM A. Tiiompso-N, Captain Fourth Cavalry, A. A.
A. G.
   In making these dispositions the argument in my mind was that no
human being and no wild animal could endure being hunted persistently
without eventually being subjugated.         Therefore in establishing these
districts of observation, and miaking each one of them untenable, I believed
that it would also be necessary to have a force to continue the pursuit
when the Indians should retreat south of the Mexican boundary. At that
time our government had a treaty with the Mexican government by which
our forces were authorized to follow the trail of the hostile Indians or
continue the pursuit in their territory, and that they would afford us what-
ever facilities they could in the way of information and assistance against
these hostiles.
   For some time I was undecided as to the personnel of this pursuing coin-
mand.   I visited several military posts-Fort Bowie, Fort Grant, Fort
Huachuca and other stations,-before I fully made up my mind as to the
officers and men I should choose to constitute such a force.        At length
I selected fromn Fort Huachuca an officer by the name of Captain H. W.
Lawton, Fourth United States Cavalry, who, I thought. would fulfill all the
requirements as commander. First of all, because he believed that these
Indians could be subjugated.     Officers who do not believe in success and

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