Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
Law for liberation from National Socialism and Militarism (German legislation), 5 March 1946, as amended and annotated, pp. 52-97 PDF (13.5 MB)
DENAZIFICATION M. G. Anno: The period'of probation for a Lesser Offender must be fixed at a minimum of two years from the date of the decision by the Tribunal (MGR 9-832 b (5)). Followers ARTICLE 12 I. A Follower is: Any person who was not more than a nominal participant or an insignificant supporter of National Socialism and who did not manifest himself as a Militarist. II. Subject to this test, a Follower is in particular: (1) Anyone who as a member of the NSDAP or of any of its formations, except HJ and EBDM, did no more than pay his membership dues, participate in meetings where attendance was obligatory, or fulfilled unimportant for purely routine duties which were prescribed for all members. (2) Anyone who was a candidate for membership in the Party and who was not finally admitted as a member. M. G. Anno: It is a most important general rule, imposed both by Control Council Directive No. 24 (MGR 23-161.24) and the Law for Liberation, that the following persons cannot legally be found to be Followers by a Tribunal: a. Persons who have held an office or rank in the NSDAP or one of its formations (MGR 9-832 b (7) and 9-834.7 d); b. Persons of such high standing in the community that they are obviously leaders who influenced others to join Nazi or- ganizations by the example of their own membership (MGR 9-832 b (8)); c. Persons who have engaged in any Nazi activity beyond payment of membership dues, participation in meetings where attendance was obligatory, or fulfillment of unimportant or purely routine duties prescribed for all members (MGR 9-834.7 d). Because of the fact that a finding of Follower makes the respondent eligible for appointment or reinstatement in public or semi-public office and positions of responsibility in importfnt private undertakings (unless discretionary sanctions authorized by Article 18 (2) are imposed), it is of greatest importance that the definitions of Follower or nominal Nazi contained in the Law and in paragraph 2 (a) of Control Council Directive No. 24 (MGR 23-161.24) be strictly construed. Otherwise, the most important denazification objective of the Law for Liberation and Control Council Directive No. 24 will be defeated (OMGUS letter dated 10 March 1947, file AG 014.311 (IA), subject, "Disapproval of Proposed Instruction concerning Findings of Follower against Officers of Nazi Organizations"). It is conceivable that evidence may be produced which may establish that an office holder in a Nazi organization was no more than a nominal Nazi or was perhaps even an anti-Nazi who had penetrated the Nazi organization for subversive purposes. This APRIL 1948
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