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Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
(1948)

Denazification cumulative review,   pp. 1-13 PDF (6.6 MB)


Page 12

DENAZIFICATION
zificati o. Persons classed by them as war criminals were arrested and interned
and
in many cases were given smary military trials. After the enactment of Control
Council Directive No. 24, a large scale program of removing Nazis from important
po-
sitions was undertaken in the Soviet Zone. Particular emphasis was placed
on busi-
ness owners, public officials and persons in.important private positions.
However,
there was no uniform registration or concerted effort to bring all incriminated
persons to justice.
It appears also that the denazification procedures varied considerably from
X
place to place in the Soviet Zone. In some areas German commissions, of persons
reported to be reliable Communists screened persons under the denadfication
direc-
tives and in other places the Soviet Military Administration carried out
the program
directly.
Late in September 1947 the Soviet Commander-in-Chief in Germany issued a
law
known as Law No. 201, 1/ which was binding throughout the Soviet Zone. This
law
granted a virtual amnesty to nominally incriminated Nazis and ordinary party
members
and called for the creation of German denazification commissions throughout
the
Zone to screen the remaining Nazis in office and provide for the trial of
lading
Nazi s and "war criminals" in Land tribunals. It appears that this
program was not
uniformly applied during the ensuing months.
In March 1948 the Soviet Commander-in-Chief issued another order 2/ calling
for an end to the work of the denazification commissions and stating that
the dena-
zification program was completed in the Soviet Zone except for the continuation
of
the trials of "war criminals" as they were apprehended.
French Zone
The territory comprising the French zone of occupation had been originally
occupied by allied armies, who operated under SHAEFand, therefore, SHAEF
denazifica-
tion directives were applied in that area from the beginning of the occupation.
In
the sumner of 1945, when the Zone was turned over to the French administration,
a
basis already existed for the application of the plan of removal of active
'Nazis
from important positions. French military authorities continued this program
and
with the enactment of Control Council Directive No. 24 implemented its provisions.
Some months after the enactment of the Law for-tiberation in the U.S. Zone,
the
Laender in the French Zone enacted similar denazification laws. There were,
however,
two important differences between the laws enacted in the French Zone and
the Law
for Liberation in the U.S. Zone:  (1) there was no requirement that everyone
register
under the law, and (2) there was a much closer supervision and control of
the German
tribunals by French Militar  Government. ┬ÂTiis meant that only limited
numbers of
persons were proceeded against in the French Zone and the decisions were
subject to
the approval of the French authorities.
Operations are continuing under the French Zone laws, but it is believed
that
they will terminate the program when the trials of leading and influential
persons
have been completed.
British Zone
Similarly, the British occupying authorities implemented the SHAEF directives
in the early days of their occupation. The procedures -were virtually identical
with those applied in the U.S, Zone. British Military Governmenthad Special
Branch
officers who required the filing of Fragebogen (questionnaires) by persons
in leading
public officers and private positions and these cases were vetted- and, if
found to
be within the mandatory removal categories, wAre removed from orffie. After
the
enactment of Control Council Directives Nos. 24 and 38, British Military
Goverment
1/ See Annex Q for text.
i/ The text of this order is not available.
APRIL 1948


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