Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
Denazification cumulative review, pp. 1-13 PDF (6.6 MB)
DENAZIFICATION zificati o. Persons classed by them as war criminals were arrested and interned and in many cases were given smary military trials. After the enactment of Control Council Directive No. 24, a large scale program of removing Nazis from important po- sitions was undertaken in the Soviet Zone. Particular emphasis was placed on busi- ness owners, public officials and persons in.important private positions. However, there was no uniform registration or concerted effort to bring all incriminated persons to justice. It appears also that the denazification procedures varied considerably from X place to place in the Soviet Zone. In some areas German commissions, of persons reported to be reliable Communists screened persons under the denadfication direc- tives and in other places the Soviet Military Administration carried out the program directly. Late in September 1947 the Soviet Commander-in-Chief in Germany issued a law known as Law No. 201, 1/ which was binding throughout the Soviet Zone. This law granted a virtual amnesty to nominally incriminated Nazis and ordinary party members and called for the creation of German denazification commissions throughout the Zone to screen the remaining Nazis in office and provide for the trial of lading Nazi s and "war criminals" in Land tribunals. It appears that this program was not uniformly applied during the ensuing months. In March 1948 the Soviet Commander-in-Chief issued another order 2/ calling for an end to the work of the denazification commissions and stating that the dena- zification program was completed in the Soviet Zone except for the continuation of the trials of "war criminals" as they were apprehended. French Zone The territory comprising the French zone of occupation had been originally occupied by allied armies, who operated under SHAEFand, therefore, SHAEF denazifica- tion directives were applied in that area from the beginning of the occupation. In the sumner of 1945, when the Zone was turned over to the French administration, a basis already existed for the application of the plan of removal of active 'Nazis from important positions. French military authorities continued this program and with the enactment of Control Council Directive No. 24 implemented its provisions. Some months after the enactment of the Law for-tiberation in the U.S. Zone, the Laender in the French Zone enacted similar denazification laws. There were, however, two important differences between the laws enacted in the French Zone and the Law for Liberation in the U.S. Zone: (1) there was no requirement that everyone register under the law, and (2) there was a much closer supervision and control of the German tribunals by French Militar Government. ¶Tiis meant that only limited numbers of persons were proceeded against in the French Zone and the decisions were subject to the approval of the French authorities. Operations are continuing under the French Zone laws, but it is believed that they will terminate the program when the trials of leading and influential persons have been completed. British Zone Similarly, the British occupying authorities implemented the SHAEF directives in the early days of their occupation. The procedures -were virtually identical with those applied in the U.S, Zone. British Military Governmenthad Special Branch officers who required the filing of Fragebogen (questionnaires) by persons in leading public officers and private positions and these cases were vetted- and, if found to be within the mandatory removal categories, wAre removed from orffie. After the enactment of Control Council Directives Nos. 24 and 38, British Military Goverment 1/ See Annex Q for text. i/ The text of this order is not available. APRIL 1948
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