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Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
(1948)

Denazification cumulative review,   pp. 1-13 PDF (6.6 MB)


Page 5

DENAZIFICATION
There were, for example, at the dose of March 1947, 3,527,000 chargeable
cases.
The average Danthly rate for the preceding six months had been 32,173 trials
completed. At this. rate, it would have taken 8 1/2 years to complete the
trials
of those who were incriminated.
One of the ways in which the work-load of the trial tribunals could be reduced,
and the ends of Justice well served, was to simplify the trial process by
extending
an amnesty for those whose party records showed only nominal associations
as party
members. An amnesty had already been extended in August 1946 to those who
would be
charged as follower or less and had been born after 1 January 1919, and which
was
therefore known as the "Youth Amnesty." On 24 December 1946 the
amnesty principle
was extended to those whose chargeable status would not be higher than follower,
and who were either in a low income group or at least 50 percent disabled.
This am-
nesty, called the 'Christmas Amnesty," removed about 1,200,000 chargeable
persons
from trial. During this period the efforts of all denazification personnal
were
concentrated on determining who should come within the terms of the amnesties
and
in so notifying then.
DENAZIFICATION PROCEEDINGS QUASHERD BY PUBLIC PROSECUTORS
AS A RESULT OF YOUTH. AND CHRISTMAS AMNESTIES
FIRST QUARTER OF 1947
Bavaria, Wuerttemberg-Baden, Hesse         a/
As of Znd of Month                                        Number
January 1947                                             202, 413
February                                                 266,758
-March                                                   413,671
a/ See the preceding footnote on the status of denazification proceedings
in Bremen.
FinitheXthTrial Tribunals
There was considerable variati on between the charges filed by the prosecutors
and the findings of the tribunals, due to the fact that the prosecutors were
required
to charge persons in the categories named in the appendix to the law irrespective
of the
evidence. It followed in many eases that the evidence presented at the trial
did
not sustain the charge.
COMPARISON OF DENAZIFICATION CHARGES BY PROSECUTORS
WITH FINDINGS BY TRIAL TRIBUNALS
Cumulative as of 31 March 1947
Bavaria, luerttemberg-Baden, Hesse
_____ .Fi dby             TrialTribunals
Charges by                   Major            e                        Proce-edings
Public             Total   Offend- Offend  Offend  Follow- Exoner-     Quashd
Prosecutors                  era     ers     ers     ers      ated     Amnes-
0ter-
_______________                   tied     wise
Total              z78T5     "ul     bb     aiVr 1'6O773      13077T
   0       3,218-I-
Major Offenders       2,548    447   1,139     714       170      50    
  18      10
Offenders            59, 192    54   4,268  14,402   29,761    1,989    8,378
    340
Lesser Offenders    41,554       0     131   6,795   26,521    2,494    5,302
    311
Followers           124,288      0      13     279   119,376   2,836    1,364
    420
&Eon erated         24,263       0       1       4       245   6,387
  15,489   2,137
Not only was there considerable variation between the charges and the findings,
but there vas also considerable variation between the previous findings by
Military
Government of those individuals who had been screened by the Special Branches
and the
findings of the trial tribunals. This variation was to be expected, however,
since
APRIL 1948
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