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Kaminski, John P.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Leffler, Richard; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Fields, David P.; Conley, Patrick T.; Moore, Timothy D. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Rhode Island (3)

VII. The Rhode Island Convention first session, 1-6 March 1790,   pp. 898-983

Page 981

17. As a traffic tending to establish or continue the slavery of any
part of the human species, is disgraceful to the cause of liberty and
humanity-that Congress shall, as soon as may be, promote and estab-
lish such laws and regulations as may effectually prevent the importa-
tion of slaves of every description into the United States.2
18. And that the amendments proposed by Congress, in March, A. D.
1789, be adopted by this Convention, except the second article therein
In CONVENTION, March 6, 1790.
VOTED, That the Bill of Rights and Amendments, proposed to the
Federal Constitution, be referred to the Freemen of the several towns,
at their meetings on the Third Wednesday of April next, for their con-
sideration: That one copy thereof be sent to each Town-Clerk in this
State, one to each Member of the Convention, and one to each Mem-
ber of the Upper and Lower Houses of Assembly; and that they be sent
to the Sheriffs of the several Counties, to be distributed.
The foregoing is a true Copy.
By Order of the Convention,
1. Broadside printed by John Carter (Evans 22845). The bill of rights and amendments
were also reprinted in the United States Chronicle, 11 March; Providence Gazette, 13 March;
Newport Herald, 18 March; Newport Mercury, 26 March; Maryland Journal, 2 April; and
Charleston City Gazette, 22 April. For a discussion of the manuscript versions of the bill
of rights and amendments, see Convention Proceedings, 5 March, note 1 (RCS:R.I., 942-
2. A draft of this amendment is in the volume labeled Papers Relating to the Adoption
of the Constitution at the Rhode Island State Archives. The sheet of paper also contains
the names of the ten-man committee on amendments (Mfm:R.I.).
3. A reference to the twelve amendments approved by Congress on 25 September 1789
and sent to the states for their ratification by President George Washington on 2 October
1789. The second amendment provided that "No law varying the Compensations for the
Services of the Senators and Representatives shall take effect, until an Election of Rep-
resentatives shall have intervened" (Appendix I, below). This amendment was adopted
as the Twenty-seventh Amendment in 1992.
Private Commentary on the March Convention
Henry Marchant to John Adams
Newport, 7 March 17901
It is mortifying to be beat in a good Cause, without Sense or Argu-
ment; but merely by Self-Will and vile Principles-Our Convention sat

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