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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Leffler, Richard; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Hogan, Margaret A.; Reid, Jonathan M. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: New York (5)

Appendix I: Richard Morris: notes on the Constitution, January-July 1788,   pp. 2531-2535

Page 2532

no Uniform law & System of Justice yet Established Laws in Some of
the States Directly or indirectly from the people-
its Oficers hold for a Limited time or During good Behaviour-
Objectns. to New Constitution
1st. it is not a Confederation of States but a Goverment of Indivls.
2 the powers of Congress Extend to the Lives the libertys and the
property of Every Citizen-
3 The Soveraignty of the differt [states] is ipso facto destroy'd in its
most Essential parts-
4 what Remains will only tend to Create Violent dissentions between
the State Goverments and Congress and terminate in the Ruin of one
or the other-
5. Therefore the Consequence must be Either that the Union will be
destroy'd by a Violent Struggle or that their Soveraignty will be swal-
lowed up by Silent Encroachts. into a Universal Aristocracy because it
is Clear if two differrent Soveraign powers have a Coequal Command
over the purses of the Citizens they will Struggle for the Spoils and the
weakest must Eventually yield to the Strongest
6. the Libertys of the people not Secured no Bill of Rights
7 the Soveraignty of the States is not Expressly Reserved The form
not the Substance of their Goverment Guaranteed to them by Express
8 Tryal By Jury is Abolished in Civil Causes-
9th. the Lyberty of the press is not Secured and the powers of Con-
gress Adequate to its Destruction-
10 Congress have the power of Keeping up a Standg Army in time
of peace-
11 the Legislative and Executive are not Kept Seperate
12 the president Genll. and the Senate two Executive Branches have
the negative and are intended to Supt Each other-
13 the Representn to [o] Small but 65
14 The Senate so Small it Renders its powers Dangerous-field for
15 the president an Elective King the Military and Naval force En-
tirely at his Disposal.
16 Should the Senate by foreign Influence become devoted to for-
eign power no Security
17. Rotation in Office Excluded Great men may and will be Contd.
in Office for their Lives-
18 Annual Elections Abollished
19 Congress to have the power of fixing time place & Manner of
Elections. Keep them Subjected to their Influence-

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