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Jensen, Merrill; Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Pennsylvania
2 (1976)

Biographical gazetteer,   pp. 727-734


Page 732

732
BIOGRAPHICAL GAZETTEER
1787; wrote newspaper articles and a pamphlet opposing Constitution, 1788; dele-
gate Harrisburg Convention, 1788; justice of the peace, Cumberland Cou ty, 1795.
Moved to Bellefonte, Mifflin County(?), Dec. 1795. Appointed justice of the peace
of newly-organized Centre County, 1800. County register and recorder, 1809-21;
county notary, 1813.
PETTIT, CHARLES (1736-1806)
Constitutionalist/Antifederalist/Democratic-Republican
Born New Jersey; son of Philadelphia merchant; appointed deputy secretary New
Jersey, 1769; admitted to New Jersey bar, 1770; secretary of New Jersey 1776-78.
Assistant quartermaster general Continental Army, 1778-81. Moved to Ph .ladelphia
after war; merchant, insurance broker, speculator in national debt. Ph)ladelphia
assemblyman, 1784-85; principal author of state funding act, 1785; member Con-
federation Congress, 1785-87; defeated in election to state Convention, 1787; op-
posed Constitution. Delegate Harrisburg Convention, 1788; defeated it. election
to U.S. House of Representatives, 1788.
PICKERING, TIMOTHY (1745-1829)
Republican/Federalist/Federalist
Born Massachusetts; graduate Harvard College, 1763; admitted to Massachusetts
bar, 1768; register of deeds Essex County, 1774. Militia colonel, 1775; adjutant
general Continental Army, 1777-78; quartermaster general Continental Army, 1780-
83. Moved to Pennsylvania, 1787; appointed to help organize Luzerne County.
Delegate state Convention, voted to ratify, 1787. Delegate state constitutional con-
vention, supported revision of state constitution, 1789-90. U.S. Postmaster General,
1791-94; Secretary of War, 1795; Secretary of State, 1795-1800. Returned to Massa-
chusetts, 1800; U.S. Senator, 1803-11; member Massachusetts Executive Council,
1812-13; member U.S. House of Representatives, 1813-17. Opposed Wax of 1812;
supported establishment of Northern confederacy.
RUSH, BENJAMIN (1745-1813)
Republican/Federalist/Democratic-Republican
Born near Philadelphia; educated College of New Jersey; received medical de-
gree, University of Edinburgh, Scotland. Began medical practice in Philadelphia,
1769. Member Continental Congress, 1776-77; signed Declaration of Independence.
Appointed surgeon general, Middle Department, 1777; member Republican Society,
1779; helped found Dickinson College at Carlisle, 1782. Delegate to state Convention,
voted to ratify, 1787; wrote newspaper articles supporting Constitution and cam-
paigned for revision of state constitution. Member Pennsylvania Democrat c Society,
1794. Treasurer of the United State Mint, 1797-1813. Supported movements for
prison reform, educational reform, temperance, and abolition of slavery.
SMILIE, JOHN (1742-1813)
Constitutionalist/Antifederalist/Democratic-Republican
Born northern Ireland; came to Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1760. Member
provincial conferences, 1775, 1776; private Pennsylvania regiment, 1776-77; assembly-
man, 1778-80. Moved to Westmoreland County, 1781; delegate Council of Censors,
opposed revision of state constitution, 1783-84. Assemblyman newly-organized
Fayette County, 1784-86. Supported revocation of Bank of North Ame-ica char-
ter, 1785. Member Supreme Executive Council, 1786-89. Delegate slate Con-
vention, voted against ratification, 1787; delegate Harrisburg Convention, 1788.
Member: state constitutional convention, 1789-90; state Senate, 1790-92; state House
of Representatives, 1795-98; U.S. House of Representatives, 1793-95, 1799-1813.
Presidential Elector, 1796.


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