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Jensen, Merrill; Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Pennsylvania
2 (1976)

C. The petition campaign for legislative rejection of ratification, 2 January-29 March 1788,   pp. 709-[726]


Page 718

IV. AFTERMATH OF RATIFICATION
Sc for other Purposes therein Mentioned-Read 1 time Mar. 1, 1788 " Lloyd,
Assembly Debates (Mfm:Pa. 468) states that John Oliver, an assemblyman from
Cumberland County, presented the petition. For a photographic copy of the
petition with the names of the thirty-one signers, see Mfm:Pa. 469.
Freeman's Journal, 19 March1
In consequence of the outrageous behavior of the mock-federal fac-
tion of the county of Huntingdon, in publicly tearing the petitions
of the inhabitants of the county, which they had signed to the As-
sembly, against the proposed Constitution; a number of people of the
town of Standing Stone collected and conducted upon the backs of
old scabby ponies the EFFIGIES of the principals of the junto, viz.,
John Cannon,2 Esquire, member of Council and president of the
court, and Benjamin Elliot3, Esquire, a member of Convention of that
county. The effigies passing near the door of the court, His Honor
Mr. Cannon, who was then sitting on the bench, thinking his dignity
wounded, ordered the officers of the court to assist his partisans in
apprehending the effigy-men, which they effected in part (as they were
not numerous), and a number of persons were thrown into jiail. Im-
mediately the county took the alarm, assembled, and liberated the sons
of liberty, so unjustly confined; who passed down the jail steps, under
loud huzzas and repeated acclamations of joy from a large concourse
of people; who soon after retired from the town declaring their in-
tention to duck the junto if they repeated their insults.
1. This item, headed "Federal Intelligence," was reprinted in three Ant ifederalist
newspapers: the New York Morning Post, 22 March, the New York Journal, 27
March, and the Boston American Herald, 10 April; and in the Vermon  Gazette,
7 April.
2. Cannon had represented Bedford County in the Assembly in September 1787
and voted to call the state Convention. He was elected to the Supreme Executive
Council from Huntingdon County on 9 October 1787, about a month after the
county was created.
3. Elliott, Huntingdon County's only representative in the state Convention,
voted to ratify the Constitution.
John Simpson to John Nicholson,
Northumberland, 26 March (excerpt)1
I received your packet, also one for Colonel [William] Mongomery2
and others, with petitions to be signed against the Federal Constitu-
tion, which are rapidly signing and seven come in already signed that
will be forwarded soon.
1. RC, Nicholson Papers, PHarH. Endorsed: "Answered ApI 30h 1788." Simpson
was register of wills and recorder of deeds for Northumberland County. There is
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