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Jensen, Merrill; Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Pennsylvania
2 (1976)

Editorial procedures,   pp. 14-18

Page 15

Excerpts and Elisions
Many documents, particularly letters, contain material such as
family news, business affairs, and the like, which is not relevant to
ratification. Hence, such material has been omitted. However, when
longer excerpts or entire documents have been printed elsewhere, or
are included in the microform supplements, this fact is noted.
Headings for Documents
All headings are supplied by the editors. They are as follows:
(1) Letters: Headings include the names of the writer and the
recipient, and the place and date of writing.
(2) Newspaper essays, broadsides, and pamphlets: Headings are
usually shortened versions of the full titles, which are given in edi-
torial notes.
(3) Pseudonymous essays: Headings contain the pseudonym, title
or short title, and the source if printed in a newspaper. Information
and conjectures about the authors of such essays and full titles are
placed in editorial notes.
(4) Untitled newspaper items: Headings consist of the short title
of the newspaper and the date.
(5) Reports of public meetings: Headings consist of the name and
date of such meetings with the source given in editorial notes.
Capitalization, Punctuation, and Italics in Manuscript Materials
Capital letters are used to begin each sentence. Random capitals and
italics are removed except when they are evidently used by the author
for emphasis. Periods are placed at the ends of sentences instead of
dashes, colons, or no punctuation at all. Punctuation is altered within
sentences if needed to clarify meaning.
With one exception, spelling is made to conform to present-day
practice. For example, "labour" and "foederal" are spelled "labor"
and "federal." The exception to this rule is the spelling of names
of individuals. While it is easy enough to correct the spelling of the
names of a "Madison" or a "Washington," there are hundreds of
legislators and other men whose names are spelled in various ways
in document after document, and sometimes in the same document.
The editors therefore follow the practice of the editors of such mod-
ern publications as the papers of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and
Benjamin Franklin, who print the names as they are spelled in each

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