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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Leffler, Richard; Schoenleber, Charles H. (ed.) / Commentaries on the Constitution, public and private. Volume 6: 10 May to 13 September 1788
18 (1995)

Commentaries on the Constitution: public and private,   pp. [1]-367

Page 364

wont Mr. Adams stand a fair Candidate, you know his political Rea-
soning has prejudiced me in his favor-Simile simeli gaudet4 is an old
Motto and it is as true as that two & two makes four, the old feds of
'86 are calculating for the dons of that day to take the helm of Affairs,
when the new Constitution is put in Motion, and the antis are for
those who can shift sides upon Occasion Our General Court stands
adjourned to Octr. 8th. as soon as they have received Congressional
Orders for the organization of the new Government we shall begin to
talk strong about Districts for Representation as that mode is generally
supposed will be adopted, if these Counties should make a District I
think my Friend G- will stand a fair Chance,5 but I wont say any more
about constitution Matters, but wait with patience till deliverance
1. RC, Thatcher Papers, MB. This letter was written on 9, 10, and 11 September.
The portion written on the 11th is not printed here.
2. Inserting the missing letters produces the following: "Boston," "Benjamin Hich-
born," "Excellency John Hancock," and "Southern States." Hichborn, a prominent
Boston lawyer, apparently was seeking the office of President for Hancock, who had
long been rumored a candidate for the vice presidency.
3. Sub rosa.
4. Translation: "Like takes pleasure in like."
5. Probably George Thatcher himself who represented the district consisting of the
Maine counties of Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1789 to
845. The Confederation Congress Calls the First Federal Elections
New York, 13 September
Article VII of the Constitution provides that "The ratification of the con-
ventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this con-
stitution between the States so ratifying." The Constitutional Convention, in
two resolutions adopted on 17 September 1787, recommended the mechanism
by which the Constitution should be established or implemented. The first
resolution stated that the Constitution should be submitted to conventions
elected by the people of each state (upon recommendation of their legisla-
tures) "for their assent and ratification." It also declared that each state con-
vention should inform the Confederation Congress of its ratification. The
second resolution stated that after nine states had ratified Congress "should
fix a day on which Electors should be appointed by the States which shall
have ratified the same, and a day on which the Electors should assemble to
vote for the President, and the time and place for commencing proceedings
under this Constitution" (CC:76).
The Constitutional Convention sent the Constitution and the two resolu-
tions to the Confederation Congress on 17 September 1787. Congress, in
turn, transmitted these documents on 28 September to "the several legisla-
tures in order to be submitted to a convention of Delegates chosen in each

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