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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Leffler, Richard; Schoenleber, Charles H. (ed.) / Commentaries on the Constitution, public and private. Volume 6: 10 May to 13 September 1788
18 (1995)

Commentaries on the Constitution: public and private,   pp. [1]-367

Page 12

the two Carolinas and Newhampshire. As for the State of Rhodeisland,
it rejected the Constitution by means of its Town meetings, where the
wisest men of that State have refused to appear; but it is so weak by
itself that if it remains alone in its opposition, it will either be forced
to adhere to it or it will be broken up and incorporated into the States
of Massachusetts and Connecticut. It is spoken of today only with
contempt and derision.
It is difficult to know the Leaders of the Antifederalists, only a very
small number of whom openly declare themselves, which could even
lead one to presume that they do not dare depend too much on their
strength. The partisans of the new Constitution, who are better known,
plan together, show themselves, act, and hold their course. But when
they have obtained the objective that they pursue today and victory is
assured them, there will still be great difficulties to overcome in order
to execute it. The main problem will always be to raise a public revenue
in a country where, with the exception of some cities, all the inhabitants
are dispersed and in general hardly disposed to contribute to the public
expense. It is extremely important not to frighten them in the begin-
ning, in order not to incite them to emigrate, to which they are only
too disposed by hopes of improving their lot. Americans in general
are little attached to the soil on which they were born, and it pains
them little to distance themselves forever from all the things that else-
where attach men to one place in preference to another.
The emigrations ought nevertheless to abate, if the difficulties and
dangers could counterbalance the restless spirit and the greediness of
men. The savages seem more disposed than ever to defend their pos-
sessions. Reports are received from different areas of their incursions
and of their successes. They have recently attacked two boats traveling
down the Ohio to reach Kentucky. Several Frenchmen were aboard
one of these boats; two were victims of their enthusiasm for the sci-
ences; one was a Botanist and the other a Mineralogist; it was not at
all part of their plan to settle down in this savage and faraway country.
It is alarming to see such hostile tendencies in the savages just when
Congress is ready to begin Conferences with them to assure peace. It
is feared that they are being incited by the Government of Canada.
The Americans are much inclined to believe that the Savages would
not be able, without foreign help, either to form plans of attack or to
resist. It is for this reason that they presume that the Creeks are being
incited and supported by the Government of Louisiana. Be that as it
may, this savage nation is becoming very formidable to the Georgians
who fear even for Savannah. The Creeks are led by a Scot named
MacGillivray, whose possessions were confiscated by the State of Geor-

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