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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Leffler, Richard (ed.) / Commentaries on the Constitution, public and private. Volume 4: 1 February to 31 March 1788
16 (1986)

[Index],   pp. 609-652 ff.


Page 648

COMMENTARIES ON THE CONSTITUTION
-election of Senators by legislatures of,
34-35, 50, 168-69, 169n, 187-88, 233,
310, 314-15, 319, 372
-provision for creation of new states,
39-42, 50, 156, 485
-control over their own lands guaran-
tees their existence, 51, 261n
-can impeach state officers and U.S.
Representatives and Senators, 51-52
-will not submit to Constitution, 96
-not needed to implement U.S. laws,
110
-equality of, 110-11, 247
-U.S. judiciary will have jurisdiction in
cases between, 172
-power of to collect taxes will be ham-
pered, 173-74
-constitutions and bills of rights of, 202,
381, 436-37, 452-53
-debate over guarantee of republican
form of government to, 253, 280
-debate over direct election of Repre-
sentatives, 418
See also Debts, state; Duties; Elections,
U.S.; Judiciary, U.S.; Large vs. small
states; Police powers; Reserved pow-
ers; Sovereignty; Supremacy clause
STATES UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFED-
ERATION, 90-91, 131, 251, 299
-constitutions of, 4, 9-10, 17-18, 50,
147-48, 202, 244, 325-26, 326n, 336,
382-83, 397, 446, 479; violation of, 7
-Constitution as a compromise among,
70, 82, 438, 442, 585
-size and terms of legislatures of, 97-
98, 111-12, 154-55
-inadequacies of governments of, 178,
203-4, 205-6, 235, 236, 409-10, 449
-failure of to comply with congressional
requisitions, 205, 221, 395, 475, 476
-and implementation of new govern-
ment under Constitution, 209-10
-judiciaries of, 329-31, 382-83
See also Articles of Confederation;
Coercive power; Commerce; Con-
gress under Articles; Constitutional
Convention; Conventions, state;
Debts, state; Interstate relations; Po-
litical conditions under the Confeder-
ation; Ratification, procedure for; En-
tries for individual states
STEINER, MELCHIOR (Pa.), 563
STEWART, WALTER (Pa.)
-letter from: quoted, 64n-65n
STILES, EZRA (Conn.; CC:Vol. 3, 58n-
59n)
-letters from, 255; cited, 255, 255n
-letter to: cited, 255
STOCKDALE, JOHN (England), 7n
STOCKTON, RICHARD (NJ.)
-letter from: quoted, 181n
STRONG, CALEB (Mass.; CC:Vol. 1,
357n), 420n
STUART, ARCHIBALD (Va.; CC:Vol. 1,
454n)
-letter from: quoted, 333n
SULLIVAN, JAMES (Mass.), 61n
SULLIVAN, JOHN (N.H.; CC:Vol. 1, 516),
521, 536
-letters from: quoted, 179n, 367n;
cited, 366, 461
-letters to, 461-63; quoted, 180n, 181n
SUPREMACY CLAUSE, 48; criticism of,
121-22, 240, 253, 452-53; defense of,
124, 312-13, 317-18, 324-25, 326n,
330; in Constitutional Convention,
267, 272n, 452-53, 461n; Confedera-
tion Congress rules that treaties are
supreme law of land, 326n. See also
Treaties
SUPREME COURT: See Judiciary, U.S.
SWEDEN, 193, 503, 503n-4n, 522
SWI r, JONATHAN, 54, 56n, 175
SWITZERLAND, 288, 481
"TAMONY," 392, 394n
TAXATION, 5, 55, 99, 130-31, 205, 363-
64, 414; under Confederation, 12, 26,
205, 206-7, 436; defense of Constitu-
tion's provisions for, 22-23, 49-50,
51, 66n, 107-10, 126, 203, 236, 255,
327, 368, 439, 440, 441, 503; criticism
of Constitution's provisions for, 32-
34, 160, 220, 240, 274, 280, 286, 364-
65, 420; in France, 320; debate in
Constitutional Convention over use of
force to collect, 419, 420; excessive-
ness of as a cause of Shays's Rebel-
lion, 489
-direct taxes: defense of, 12, 50-51,
126-27, 136, 207, 291n; danger of,
33-34, 66n, 68, 137-38, 200, 267,
271n
-excise taxes: danger of, 33, 200; de-
fense of, 207
-land taxes: danger of, 33; defense of,
207
648


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