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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Leffler, Richard (ed.) / Commentaries on the Constitution, public and private. Volume 4: 1 February to 31 March 1788
16 (1986)

[Index],   pp. 609-652 ff.


Page 644

COMMENTARIES ON THE CONSTITUTION
vored, 352; congressional resolution of
28 Sept. 1787, 438-39; dangerous if
nine states with less than a majority of
the people should ratify, 488; debate
over sanctions against non-ratifying
states after establishment of new gov-
ernment, 495. See also Amendments to
Constitution; Convention, second
constitutional; Conventions, state
RATIFICATION, PROSPECTS FOR: favora-
ble, 20n, 71, 82, 83n, 104, 105, 117,
136, 138, 139-40, 142, 143-44, 149,
151-52, 171, 185, 192n, 209-10, 229,
231, 264, 300, 302, 308, 335n, 395,
465, 481, 487n, 495, 504, 506, 518,
533, 537, 583-84, 592; doubtful, 64n,
180n-81n, 182n, 190-91, 223n, 304,
375, 394-95, 471, 478, 486n, 487-88,
530; harm done by closeness of Mass.
Convention ratificatioxi vote, 160; un-
certainty of, 403. See also Amendments
to Constitution; Entries for individual
states
READ, JAMES (N.C.): id., 309n; 308
READ, JAMES (Pa.), 31n
"A REAL PATRIOT," 118-19
RECALL, 114
REID, JAMES R. (Pa.; CC:Vol. 3, 374n),
566n
REID, JOHN (N.Y.), 175n
RELIGION, 225-26, 392, 473, 517; debate
over Constitution's prohibition of a
religious test for officeholding, 84, 89,
93n, 145, 260; debate over role of God
in writing and ratifying Constitution,
94-95, 171, 350; God calls George
Washington to be first President of
U.S., 149; debate over Constitution's
lack of provision protecting freedom
of, 211, 240, 252, 254, 254n, 279, 419,
456, 504; Constitution will support,
409, 410; diminished influence of un-
der Confederation, 410; importance of
free press to, 561n, 573, 578-79. See
also Baptists; Biblical references; Bill
of rights; Clergy; Mohammed; Quak-
ers
REPRESENTATION, 86; differs in two
houses of Congress, 12; argument that
geographic sections are represented
equitably under Constitution, 23-24,
67n; debate over adequacy of in Con-
gress under Constitution, 66n, 160-
61; in House of Representatives, 68,
107-10, 120n, 131, 147-48, 164, 166,
168, 272n, 281; equality of is basis of
free government, 278, 295-96; debate
in Constitutional Convention over,
415-16, 418-19, 420n, 500, 509n,
509-10. See also House of Representa-
tives, U.S.; Population; Senate, U.S.;
Taxation; Three-fifths clause
REPRIEVES:-See Pardons and reprieves
REPUBLICAN FORM OF GOVERNMENT, 83,
106, 138, 145, 147, 193, 222n, 276,
288, 321, 322, 377, 412-13, 504; de-
bate over danger of despotism under,
4-5, 26; people are source of power in,
16-17; tends to aggrandize legislative
branch of government, 18, 44-45, 413,
448; cannot exist over a vast territory,
35-36, 40, 282, 373, 481; can exist
over a vast territory, 46-47, 49, 294;
presupposes good qualities in human
nature, 114-15, 194, 234; debate over
Constitution's guarantee of to states,
253, 280; Constitutional Convention
creates only image of, 277-78, 284;
need for strong executive in, 396-402;
need for balanced government under,
520
REQUISITIONS, 395; system of should be
used under Constitution, 34, 50-51,
66n, 68, 137-38, 267, 271n; failure of
states to pay under Confederation,
67n, 127, 137-38, 205, 206-7, 220,
221, 364, 375, 441, 475, 476; argu-
ment that it is not an effective system
for raising revenue, 67n, 206-7;
amounts paid by states under Confed-
eration, 206-7, 209n, 220, 364, 366n,
375n, 395n; debate in Constitutional
Convention over use of coercion to
collect, 419, 420
RESERVED POWERs: debate over need for
amendment to Constitution guaran-
teeing to states, 65n, 66n, 66n-67n,
67n, 68, 137-38, 202-3, 204, 290n,
443. See also Necessary and proper
clause; States, impact of Constitution
upon
REVOLUTION, RIGHT OF, 196, 199, 420.
See also Social compact
RHODE ISLAND, 25, 287, 495, 537; influ-
ence of Mass. on, 20, 82; prospects for
ratification in, 72n, 180n-81n, 341,
367, 408, 462, 471, 487, 504, 533; del-
egates to Congress from, 81, 533; leg-
644


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